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DURABLE. STABLE. RELIABLE.

TUF Gaming B550M-Plus distills essential elements of the latest AMD platform and combines them with game-ready features and proven durability. Engineered with military-grade components, an upgraded power solution and a comprehensive set of cooling options, this motherboard delivers rock-solid performance with unwavering gaming stability.

When you build with a TUF Gaming motherboard, you also benefit from the TUF Gaming Alliance — an ASUS collaboration with trusted industry partners that ensures easier building, best compatibility, and complementary aesthetics from components to case.

chipset-Z490-10thgenic-10thgen-su-rgb-3000
TUF Z390 Plus GamingTUF Z390 Plus Gaming
TUF H370 Plus GamingTUF H370 Plus Gaming
  • Keyboard/Mouse

  • 2 x USB 2.0

  • 4 x USB 3.2 Gen 1

  • BIOS FlashBack™ button

  • DisplayPort

  • HDMI

  • 2.5Gb Etherent

  • 2 x USB 3.2 Gen 2 (1 x Type-
    A + 1 x USB Type-C®)

  • 5 x Audio jacks

  • 2 x PCIe 4.0/3.0 X16 slots
    - 2-Way CrossFireX™ support
    - ASUS SafeSlot

  • Realtek S1200A
    - Exclusive DTS Custom for Gaming Headsets
    - TUF Gaming audio cover
    - Audio shielding
    - Dedicated audio PCB layers
    - Premium Japanese audio
     capacitors

  • ProCool Connector

  • 2 x AURA RGB headers

  • DrMOS

  • DDR4 support

  • AMD Socket AM4

  • 2 x Front USB 3.2 Gen 1

  • 64Gb/s M.2 support
    PCIe 4.0 x4 & SATA mode

  • AMD B550 Chipset

  • 32Gb/s M.2 support
    PCIe 3.0 x4 & SATA mode

  • 4 x SATA 6Gb/s

  • 4 x Front USB 2.0

  • 1 x AURA Addressable Gen 2 header

ROCK-SOLID PERFORMANCE

With upgraded power delivery and comprehensive cooling options to fuel the latest AMD Ryzen CPUs, plus support for faster memory and storage, TUF Gaming B550M-Plus is the perfect foundation for your next high-core-count battle rig.

Power Design

DrMOS

The onboard VRM of TUF Gaming B550M-Plus utilizes 8+2 DrMOS power stages that combine high-side and low-side MOSFETs and driver into a single package, delivering the power and efficiency that 3rd Gen AMD Ryzen™ Processors demand.

Stack Cool 3+

2-ounce copper layers draw heat away from critical components to keep them at their optimal o perating temperatures and provide more headroom to push CPUs beyond stock speeds.

ProCool Socket

ENHANCED 8-PIN CONNETOR

・ Extreme durability
・ Prevent hotspots and connector failure

Compared with traditional power inputs, ProCool sockets are built to tight specifications to ensure flush contact with PSU power lines. The resulting lower impedance helps to prevent hotspots and connector failure.

TUF COMPONENTS

TUF CHOKES

Certified military-grade TUF chokes deliver rock-steady power to the CPU, improving system stability.

TUF CAPACITORS

Proprietary capacitors provide up to 20% greater temperature tolerance and 5X-longer lifespan.

Digi+ VRM

The integrated Digi+ VRM voltage-regulator module (VRM) is one of the finest in the industry, ensuring ultra-smooth and ultra-clean power delivery to the CPU at all times.

Cooler by design

1. VRM heatsink

A large, high-mass heatsink with extensive surface that covers the VRM and choke areas improves heat dissipation.

Thermal pad

High-quality thermal pads help transfer heat from the inductor and phase array to the heatsink.

2. M.2 heatsink

The M.2 heatsink keeps the M.2 SSD at the optimum operating temperature for consistent performance and reliability.

TUF H370 Plus Gaming

COMPREHENSIVE FAN CONTROLS

TUF Gaming B550M-Plus features comprehensive fan controls that can be configured via Fan Xpert 2+ utility or via the award-winning ASUS UEFI BIOS.

  • Multiple temperature sources
  • 4-pin PWM/DC fan
  • Smart protection
  • Each header can be set to monitor and react to three user-configurable thermal sensors for workload-based cooling, and all settings can be easily managed by Fan Xpert 2+ or via the UEFI.​

  • All onboard chassis fan headers support auto-detection of PWM or DC fans.

  • A dedicated integrated circuit protects each fan header from over-temperature and overcurrent.

USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-A & Type-C

Numerous USB ports support gaming rigs loaded with peripherals, including a USB Type-A and a Type-C connectors with fast USB 3.2 Gen 2 connectivity for compatible cases.

EASY PC DIY

TUF Gaming motherboards are designed to be easy to set up and configure just the way you want — even for first-time builders. The TUF Gaming Alliance ecosystem makes selecting compatible parts easy, while Armoury Crate software offers full control of system settings via a single dashboard. TUF Gaming motherboards give you everything you need to build your dream gaming rig without adding complexity.

Build with confidence

TUF Gaming Alliance is a collaboration between ASUS and trusted PC-component brands to ensure compatibility with a wide range of parts, such as PC cases, power supplies, CPU coolers, memory kits and more. With more partnerships and components being added regularly, the TUF Gaming Alliance will continue to grow even stronger. Learn More

TUF PROTECTION

SafeSlot

SafeSlot is the PCIe slot reinvented by ASUS and engineered to provide superior retention and shearing resistance. Manufactured via a new insert-molding process, SafeSlot integrates fortifying metal for an inherently stronger slot, which is then firmly anchored to the PCB through additional solder points.

safeslot

ESD guards

ESD Guards prolong the life of components while preventing damage from electrostatic discharge, providing protection for up to +/- 10 kV of air discharge and +/- 6 kV of contact discharge — greatly surpassing the respective industry standards of +/- 6 kV and +/- 4 kV.

ESD Guard

Keyboards and Mouse connectors

Additional on-circuit ESD transient-voltage-suppression.

VGA protection

Additional on-circuit ESD TVS diodes to protect VGA output functionality.

USB connectors

TVS diode for surface-mount and dual in-line package.

TUF LANGuard

TUF LANGuard is a military-grade innovation that integrates advanced signal-coupling technology and premium surface-mounted capacitors to improve throughput, protecting the motherboard from lightning strikes and static electricity.

DRAM

DRAM overvoltage protection

Onboard resettable fuses prevent overcurrent and short-circuit damage. This extends beyond I/O ports to DRAM to safeguard the lifespan of your system and connected devices.

BACK I/O

Stainless-steel back I/O panel

TUF Gaming motherboards have a corrosion-resistant stainless-steel back I/O panel bonded with chromium oxide to provide a 3X-longer lifespan versus traditional panels. With this protective feature, TUF Gaming motherboards passed 72-hour salt fog testing, while other brands only passed 24-hour testing.

EASY CONFIGURATION

BIOS FlashBack™

BIOS FlashBack™ is the simplest and safest (UEFI) BIOS update method. Simply drop the (UEFI) BIOS file onto a FAT32 formatted USB stick, plug it into the USB BIOS FlashBack™ port and press the button. Updates can even be performed without having memory or a CPU installed.

bios_flashback

Armoury Crate

Armoury Crate is a new software utility designed to give you centralized control of supported gaming products. From a single intuitive interface, Armoury Crate lets you easily customize RGB lighting and effects for every compatible device in your arsenal and synchronize them with Aura Sync for unified system lighting effects. You can also turn on the AI Noise-Canceling Microphone function for crystal-clear in-game voice communication. The software also provides control of settings for a select and growing number of products, including keyboard and mouse preferences as well as laptop overclocking and fan speeds, making it easier to tune the look and feel of your system. Armoury Crate even features dedicated product registration and news areas to help you stay in touch with the gaming community.

  • AI NOISE-CANCELING

  • AURA SYNC

  • DRIVER & MANUAL DOWNLOAD

  • Account Management

IMMERSIVE GAMING

TUF Gaming B550M-Plus provides a complete, high-performance gaming package with a long list of features to improve your experience, including ultrafast networking for smoother online gameplay, pristine audio with positional cues for FPS gaming, and onboard RGB lighting that syncs with attached accessories to help you create a personalized gaming atmosphere.

EXCLUSIVE 2.5 GIGABIT ETHERNET

2.5G on-board Ethernet kicks your LAN connection up a notch with an up to 2.5X bandwidth improvement. Using your existing LAN cable, you can take advantage this networking upgrade to experience smoother, lag-free gaming, immediately stream high-resolution videos and enjoy faster file transfers.

Turbo LAN

Network-optimization software for customizable packet prioritization

Turbo LAN is a network-optimization software for customizable packet prioritization. With cFosSpeed traffic-shaping technology, it allows you to configure application priority via an intuitive interface, and reduces network lag.

  • 1. ONE CLICK TURBO

    Adjust the network transmission priority by one click!

  • 2. AUTO DETECT GAME LIST

    Turbo Lan will detect every game in system, and add in list automatically.

AI NOISE-CANCELING MICROPHONE

AI Noise-Canceling Microphone software is exclusively featured on ASUS motherboards and supports 3.5 mm, USB, or Bluetooth headsets. The utility leverages a massive deep-learning database to preserve the sound of your voice while eliminating distracting keyboard clatter, mouse clicks, and other forms of environmental noise. And it only places a slight load on the CPU, ensuring minimal impact on gaming performance.

3DMark - FPS (2560x1440)

*Testing configuration: CPU: AMD Ryzen 5 3600x; Motherboard: ROG STRIX B550-I GAMING; Graphics card: NVIDIA RTX 2060-O6G; DRAM: Hynix 2666 16GB; Power: Seasonic 430W; HDD: Seagate M.2 NVME 2TB; Cooling: Enermax T.B.APOLLISH; Voice Communication App: Discord (In-app noise canceling effects disabled) ; Background noise: Keyboard typing, mouse clicking, people talking, and music playing
*Actual performance varies by configuration

HEAR THE DIFFERENCE

Background noise

Other human voice

Human speech

Gaming audio

Exclusive Realtek codec

Realtek S1200A

  • TUF Gaming audio cover

    Effective shielding preserves the integrity of audio signals to ensure best quality.

  • High-definition audio

    Premium Japanese audio capacitors provide warm, natural, and immersive sound.

  • Exclusive S1200A Codec

    ASUS-exclusive codec delivers an expansive soundstage and dynamic sound.

  • Audio shielding

    Separates analog/digital signal domains, significantly reducing multi-lateral interference.

signal-to-noise ratio

Pristine audio

The unique audio codec designed in close collaboration with Realtek for TUF Gaming B550M series motherboards features an unprecedented 108 dB signal-to-noise ratio for the stereo line out and a 103dB SNR for the line in, providing pristine audio quality.

DTS® Custom for gaming headsets

Hone your battle skills with exclusive DTS® Custom onboard audio. Utilizing advanced emulation techniques to create positional cues via stereo headphones, DTS Custom takes onboard audio to a new frontier. With three presets ― Aerial, Soundscape, and Tactical ― for different genres, you'll have a distinct advantage in every game.

AERIAL MODE

Experience audio as though hovering above the game world, with sound coming from ahead — perfect for MOBA, RTA, strategy and sports titles!

SOUNDSCAPE MODE

The ideal audio envelope for MMO, RPG, action and horror games — your ears will put you in the center of the action!

Tactical Mode

Shhh — is that an enemy just around the corner? DTS Custom emphasises detail for stealthy play, so you'll detect and locate every footstep!

Outshine the Competition

A well-tuned system deserves a matching aesthetic. ASUS Aura offers full RGB lighting control with a variety of functional presets for the built-in RGB LEDs as well as strips connected to the onboard RGB headers. And it can all be synced with an ever-growing portfolio of Aura-capable hardware.

Learn more about ASUS Aura Sync.

Addressable Gen 2 RGB Header

RGB Header

intel chipset H370 inside
Sours: https://www.asus.com/us/Motherboards-Components/Motherboards/TUF-Gaming/TUF-GAMING-B550M-PLUS/
Welcome everyone!

This thread features a comprehensive list of Z390/Z370/H370/B360/H310 motherboardswith an LGA1152v2-socket (supporting Intel 8th-Gen Coffee Lake-S CPUs). It is a sortable database aimed at easily comparing detailed specifications of all the different motherboard brands and models. The database can be viewed in the following link (opens to a google spreadsheet):


Link: Z390/Z370/H370/B360/H310 MOTHERBOARDS COMPARISON TABLE (SORTABLE)
(311 MODELS LISTED as of last update)

[sub]Note: The table is best viewed on a desktop or laptop computerusing an FHD (1920x1080), UW-FHD (2560x1080), WQHD (2560x1440), or UW-QHD (3440x1440) screen resolution (sorting/filtering may be disabled and text/table format may appear irregular when viewed on a mobile phone, tablet, or Smart TV).[/sub]

Each viewer can arrange or hide any data in the table to show only the models being considered through sorting/fitlering the specific features and components one is looking for in a motherboard.

All information found in the table were researched and verified to the best of my ability based on manufacturer's data, user manuals, and reviews. I may update the table from time to time when new information are made available. If there are discrepancies/errors, let me know.

HOW TO SORT & FILTER
(General instructions are included in the table; detailed instructions and examples to be provided here soon).

DEFAULT ARRANGEMENT OF THE DATABASE
When first viewed, the database is arranged in the following order of priority:

  • By Chipset: Z390 ---> Z370 ---> H370 ---> B360 ---> H310
    By Size / Form Factor: E-ATX ---> ATX ---> mATX ---> ITX ---> Thin ITX
    By Brand (Alphabetically): Asrock -> Asus -> Biostar -> Colorful -> ECS -> EVGA -> Gigabyte -> Maxsun -> Msi -> NZXT -> Supermicro
The above data can be seen in the left-most columns. Apart from the Brand/Model Name, Chipset, and Size of the motherboard, a few other data are included at the main columns: Photoof the motherboard, the Year(and Quarter) when the motherboard was made available, the Price Range, and a Subjective Tier("ranking").

PRICE RANGE
This data shows the average approximate retail cost of the motherboard, indicated by a $ symbol. The first $ symbol means the board costs around $80 or lower, while the succeeding $ symbol thereafter is equivalent to an additional $40 each symbol over and above the $80 price tag. So,

  • $ = ~$80 or lower
    $$ = From ~$80 to ~$120
    $$$ = From ~$120 to ~$160
    $$$$ = From ~$160 to ~$200
    $$$$$ = From ~$240 to ~$280, and so forth...
SUBJECTIVE TIER
This is a personal and subjective assessment on how the motherboard is "ranked" based on its features, specs, and quality compared to the models of the same brand. I have generally categorized motherboards in four (4) tiers, named and color-coded as:

  • ENTHUSIAST Models
    HIGH PERFORMANCE Models
    MAINSTREAM Models
    ENTRY-LEVEL Models
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS

  • Size: Shows the form factor of the motherboard and the dimensions of the PCB
    I/O & Audio Armor: If the motherboard has an I/O shroud, or an I/O shroud with Audio cover, or none at all. Also shows other special covers such as backplates or front shrouds, if any.
    PCB/Accent Colors: Pertains to the color of the PCB and other accent colors that can be found in the motherboard such as shrouds, slots, ports, and texts
    LED Lighting Colors (Location/s): Indicates the color/s of the illuminated portions on the motherboard and where they are located
    Color Sync: Supported synchronization software for controlling the motherboard lighting, colors and effects
POWER SPECIFICATIONS

  • ATX12V Socket: Source of +12V power dedicated for the CPU, where the cable from of the Power Supply Unit (PSU) is plugged into. This socket can be a standard 4-pin ATX12V (for basic and low-powered motherboards), or an 8-pin EPS12V (for mainstream motherboards), or a combination of 4-pin and 8-pin (for high-end motherboards), or even two (2) sets of 8-pin (for enthusiast motherboards).

    [sub]Motherboards with a 4-pin, an 8-pin, a 4-pin + 8-pin, and an 8-pin + 8-pin ATX12V socket/s.[/sub]
Sours: https://forums.tomshardware.com/threads/z390-z370-h370-b365-b360-h310-motherboards-lga1151v2-for-intel-8th-9th-gen-coffee-lake-sortable-comparison-tables.3150914/
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Welcome everyone!

This thread features a comprehensive list of X570/X470/X370/B550/B450/B350/A520/A320 motherboardswith an AM4-socket (supporting AMD Ryzen CPUs). It is a sortable database aimed at easily comparing detailed specifications of all the different motherboard brands and models. The database can be viewed in the following link (opens to a google spreadsheet):


Link: AM4 MOTHERBOARDS COMPARISON TABLE (SORTABLE)
(423 MODELS LISTED as of last update - 14 Oct 2020)

High traffic volume viewing the spreadsheet may render the above link inaccessible, or may disable the sorting/filtering features, or may not properly load the images/text format/pop-up notes. If so, go to this mirror link instead:
MIRROR LINK

Note: The table is best viewed on a desktop or laptop computer using an FHD (1920x1080), UW-FHD (2560x1080), WQHD (2560x1440), or UW-QHD (3440x1440) screen resolution (sorting/filtering may be disabled and text/table format may appear irregular when viewed on a mobile phone, tablet, or Smart TV).

Each viewer can arrange or hide any data in the table to show only the models being considered through sorting/fitlering the specific features and components one is looking for in a motherboard.

All information found in the table were researched and verified to the best of my ability based on manufacturer's data, user manuals, and reviews. I may update the table from time to time when new information are made available. If there are discrepancies/errors, let me know.

HOW TO SORT & FILTER
(General instructions are included in the table; detailed instructions and examples to be provided here soon).

DEFAULT ARRANGEMENT OF THE DATABASE
When first viewed, the database is arranged in the following order of priority:
  • By Chipset: X570 ---> X470 ---> X370 ---> B550 ---> B450 ---> B350 ---> A520 ---> A320

  • By Size / Form Factor: Extended-ATX ---> ATX ---> microATX ---> Mini-DTX ---> Mini-ITX ---> Thin Mini-ITX

  • By Brand (Alphabetically): Asrock -> Asus -> Biostar -> Colorful -> ECS -> Gigabyte -> Msi
The above data can be seen in the left-most columns. Apart from the Brand/Model Name, Chipset, and Size of the motherboard, a few other data are included at the main columns: Photoof the motherboard, the Year(and Quarter) when the motherboard was made available, the Price Range, and a Subjective Tier("ranking").

PRICE RANGE
This data shows the average approximate retail cost of the motherboard,
    Update:As of 15 October 2020, the data shown on the "price range" column has been revised to show MSRP (Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price) in US Dollars (USD) upon launch. This revision is to simplify the sorting/filtering and readability of the prices when comparing motherboards.

    SUBJECTIVE TIER
    This is a personal and subjective assessment on how the motherboard is "ranked" based on its features, specs, and quality compared to the models of the same brand. I have generally categorized motherboards in four (4) tiers, named and color-coded as:
    • ENTHUSIAST Models
    • HIGH PERFORMANCE Models
    • MAINSTREAM Models
    • ENTRY-LEVEL Models
    Important note:The "subjective tier" column only shows GENERAL categories which indicates the USAGE LEVEL of a motherboard, based on features, quality, and pricing of a particular model when compared to other models of the SAME BRAND (i.e., WITHIN the manufacturer's OWN line-up). It is NOTrecommended to use "tiers" in determining which motherboard is "better", especially if compared with competitor brands/models.

    PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
    • Size: Shows the form factor of the motherboard and the dimensions of the PCB.

    • I/O & Audio Armor: If the motherboard has an I/O shroud, or an I/O shroud with Audio cover, or none at all. Also shows other special covers such as backplates or front shrouds, if any.

    • Colors:
      • PCB/Accent Colors: Pertains to the color of the PCB and other accent colors that can be found in the motherboard such as shrouds, slots, ports, and texts.

      • LED Lighting Colors (Location/s): Indicates the color/s of the illuminated portions on the motherboard and where they are located.

      • Color Sync: Supported synchronization software for controlling the motherboard lighting, colors and effects.
    POWER SPECIFICATIONS
    • ATX12V Socket: Source of +12V power dedicated for the CPU, where the cable from of the Power Supply Unit (PSU) is plugged into. This socket can be a standard 4-pin ATX12V (for basic and low-powered motherboards), or an 8-pin EPS12V (for mainstream motherboards), or a combination of 4-pin and 8-pin (for high-end motherboards), or even two (2) sets of 8-pin (for enthusiast motherboards).

    Motherboards with a 4-pin, an 8-pin, a 4-pin + 8-pin, and an 8-pin + 8-pin ATX12V socket/s.


    • VRM Phases:
      • Total Quantity: Total phases of the main VRM rails, i.e., CPU VCC + SoC (System on Chip) VCC.

      • CPU VCC: Shows the number of phases used to supply voltage to the CPU (central processing unit).

      • SoC VCC: Shows the number of phases used to supply voltage solely to the SoC (System on Chip).
    • Main VRM Components:
      • MOSFETs - CPU VCC (per phase): Specifies the brand and model of the MOSFET used for supplying voltage to the CPU.

      • MOSFETs - SoC VCC (per phase): Specifies the brand and model of the MOSFET used for supplying voltage to the SoC.

      • MOSFET Heatsink: Indicates whether the MOSFETs, or only portions thereof, have heatsinks or not.

      • Inductors & Capacitors: General notes on the types of inductors (chokes) and capacitors used in the motherboard.
    Update:As of 28 October 2020, a VRM Phases Diagramis created on the Power Section columns of the spreadsheet. These diagrams will complement the text-based data on the quantities of MOSFETs/Power Stages, Gate Drivers, and Phase Doublers (if any) used per motherboard model, and shows how the PWM Controller's signal flows to the CPU and SoC VCC phases, respectively.

    DIAGNOSTICS SPECIFICATIONS
    • 2-Digit Debug Code: Indicates whether the motherboard has a 2-Digit Debug Code LED Display or not. Some motherboards only have On-board LED indicators for P.O.S.T. (power-on self-test)-state (CPU/DRAM/VGA/BOOT), while some have both. Some also have additional specialty LED indicators (XMP, GPU, Hard Disk, etc.). Details of which LED indicators are included can be seen in the pop-up notes (hover the cursor over the data in the cell).


      A 2-digit hexadecimal Debug Code LED display (left photo) and several On-Board LED indicators (right photo)

    • Buzzer / Speaker: Indicates whether the motherboard has a header, usually 4-pin, that a PC/chassis speaker or buzzer can be attached to which is typically used during P.O.S.T. (power-on self-test) sequence to diagnose errors, by communicating beep codes, during the boot process. Some motherboards have this header included within the Front/System Panel headers. Some motherboards already have a built-in speaker on-board.


      A 4-pin Speaker header (left photo), an external speaker device (middle photo), and an On-Board Speaker (right photo).

    • BIOS (Basic Input/Output System): Indicates the BIOS chip quantity the motherboard has. All motherboards have at least one (1) BIOS chip. Some motherboards have two (2) -- a main BIOS and a backup BIOS (usually termed DualBIOS) -- for recovery purposes if one BIOS becomes corrupted, preventing the motherboard to be bricked.

    • Buttons:
      • BIOS Flashback Button: A button used in conjunction with a specific USB port for updating the motherboard BIOS via USB flash drive. Some motherboards have this button located at mid-board and some are located at the rear panel.


        A BIOS Flashback button located at mid-board (left photo) and at the rear panel (right photo).

      • Clear CMOS Button: A button used to revert BIOS settings to default. Some motherboards have this button located on-board while some have this at the rear panel. Those motherboards that does not have this button will have a Clear CMOS jumper instead (though some motherboards both have the button and the jumper).


        A 3-pin Clear CMOS jumper located at mid-board (left photo) and a Clear CMOS button at the rear panel (right photo).

      • Power Button: An on-board power button (similar to the front panel power button connectors) that is usually used for bench testing prior to assembly of the components in a chassis.

      • Reset Button: An on-board reset button (similar to the front panel reset button connectors) that is usually used for bench testing prior to assembly of the components in a chassis.

      • OC Button: An on-board OC (overclock) button used to load overclocked configuration settings.


        Reset+Power buttons on an EVGA mobo (left photo) and OC+Power buttons on a Gigabyte mobo (right photo).

      • Other Buttons/Jumpers/Switches: Enumerates all other buttons, jumpers, and switches found in the motherboard.
    MEMORY SPECIFICATIONS
    • DIMM Slot - Quantity: Shows the total number of slots for the DIMM (Dual In-Line Memory Module) with RAM (Random Access Memory) chips. These slots only support DDR4 (Double Data Rate 4) 288-pin DIMMs. All motherboards listed herein are dual-channel.

    • Reinforced: Indicates if the DIMM slots are reinforced with steel shielding armor, which, arguably, provides additional strength and resistance to bending during the installation of RAM modules.
    EXPANSION SLOTS SPECIFICATIONS
    • PCI-E 4.0/3.0/2.0 x16 Slots - Quantity: These are slots with a PCI-e interface (version 4.0, 3.0, or 2.0) and a mechanical/physical slot size of x16. These x16-sized slots may electrically run on x16 (full speed), x8 (half speed), x4, x2, or even x1. Slots use PCIe lanes controlled by either the CPU or the Chipset (or, in rare cases, other separate ICs).

      A higher (later) PCIe version is backwards-compatible with previous versions of PCIe, but can only run on a certain maximum speed of either the slot or the expansion card plugged in it, whichever version is lower/slower. Expansion cards with a smaller x8, x4, or x1 physical interface can be plugged into the much larger x16 slots. This data shows the total number of PCIe x16-sized slots in the motherboard, disregarding electrical speeds, controller, or PCIe version.


      A PCIe3.0 x16 slot in an Asus motherboard.
      • Armor: Indicates how many among all the PCIe x16 slots are reinforced with steel shielding armor, which, arguably, provides additional strength and resistance to bending when plugged with heavier graphics cards.

      • PCIe Version / Maximum Supported Speed per Slot: The first column indicates the PCIe version of the PCIe x16 slot. The second column indicates the maximum electrical speed a certain PCIe x16 slot can run, considering shared bandwidth with other connectors in the motherboard. Typical notation of slot speeds are arranged from topmost slot to bottom-most slot, with each slot separated by a slash symbol.

        For example: The notation " x16/x4 " means there are two (2) PCIe x16 slots (The top slot operates at x16 speed, while the bottom slot only operates at x4 speed). On the other hand, the notation " x16/-/x4orx8/x8/x4 " means there are three (3) PCIe x16 slots (The top slot operates at x16 speed if the middle slot is unoccupied, but only runs at x8 when the middle slot is populated. The middle slot will always run at x8 speed, and the bottom will always run at x4 speed).

      • Multi-GPU:
        • SLI (Scalable Link Interface): Indicates whether the motherboard supports multi-GPU (multipe Graphics Processing Units) using certain Nvidia GPUs (Nvidia Graphics Cards). Depending on the number of slots and the electrical speed of such slots, SLI can run in 2-way (two Nvidia GPUs), 3-way (three Nvidia GPUs), or 4-way (four Nvidia GPUs) configurations. Note that "Quad-SLI" means two physical Nvidia GPUs each having Dual-GPU/Chips and occupies two slots, similar to a 2-way SLI.


          Nvidia GPUs installed on the PCIe x16 slots of a motherboard showing a 2-way SLI setup, a 3-way SLI setup, and a 4-way SLI setup.

        • CF (CrossFire): Indicates whether the motherboard supports multi-GPU (multipe Graphics Processing Units) using certain AMD GPUs (AMD Graphics Cards). Depending on the number of slots and the electrical speed of such slots, CrossFire can run in 2-way (two AMD GPUs), 3-way (three AMD GPUs), or 4-way (four AMD GPUs) configurations. Note that "Quad-CrossFire" means two physical AMD GPUs each having Dual-GPU/Chips and occupies two slots, similar to a 2-way CrossFire.


          AMD GPUs installed on the PCIe x16 slots of a motherboard showing a 2-way CrossFire setup, a 3-way CrossFire setup, and a 4-way CrossFire setup.

        • Aux. 12V Power (Auxiliary +12V Power): This is a supplemental connector that can provide additional dedicated power to the PCIe slots, specifically, to the graphics cards in multi-GPU setups.
    • PCI-e 4.0/3.0/2.0 x1: These are slots with a PCI-e interface (version 4.0, 3.0, or 2.0) and a mechanical/physical slot size of x1, the smallest size of a PCI-e slot. PCIe versions are backwards-compatible with other previous versions of PCIe, but can only run on a certain maximum speed of either the slot or the expansion card plugged in it, whichever version is lower/slower.


      A PCIe3.0 x1 slot in an Asus motherboard.
    • PCI: These are legacy (old) expansion slots specific for expansion cards having a PCI interface. This is not compatible with PCI-e devices (though some adapter/converter may be used).


      A PCI slot in an Asus motherboard.

    • Spacing / Layout of Expansion Slots when MB is Mounted inside Chassis: Shows the actual and physical arrangement of all the expansion slots (including the M.2 ports), from top to bottom, when the motherboard is mounted inside a typical PC chassis. The slot number means the removable expansion slot cover at the back of the case and how it will align with the slots of a certain motherboard. Apart from the physical layout, each PCI-e slots are also color-coded, corresponding to the PCI-e lanes the slot is being controlled from. Slots are also labelled how they appear in the motherboard manual and PCB.
    STORAGE SPECIFICATIONS
    • SATA III Ports:
      • Quantity: Shows the total number of SATA III ports in the motherboard. These SATA (Serial AT Attachment) ports are typically used to connect storage devices such as Hard Disk Drives (HDD), Solid State Drives (SSD), or Optical Disk Drives (ODD).

        Version III (3.0) has a maximum theoretical transfer speed of 6.0Gbps (750MB/s) and a maximum uncoded transfer speed of 4.8Gbps (600MB/s). SATA versions are backwards-compatible with other previous versions of SATA, but can only run on a certain maximum speed of either the slot or the SATA device plugged in it, whichever version is lower/slower.

      • In 90°: Indicates how many of the total SATA ports in the motherboard are specially oriented in a 90-degree layout (i.e., parallel to the motherboard) for better cable routing. Traditionally, SATA ports are oriented vertically (i.e., perpendicular to the motherboard).


        Six SATA ports on an Msi motherboard (2x vertical; 4x in 90°) and two SATA data cables (elbow-type and straight).

      • Not by PCH: Pertains to how many of the total SATA ports in the motherboard have its bandwidth controlled by the CPU or some other ICs. Typically, SATA ports are controlled by the PCH (Chipset).
    • SATAe (SATA Express): SATAe ports are used to connect special storage devices supporting either a SATA-based interface or a PCIe-based interface. The port itself uses two (2) SATA ports and two (2) PCIe lanes. Using two PCIe3.0 lanes has an maximum effective transfer speed of ~1.97GB/s.


      A SATAe port (to the right of a standard SATA port) and a cable with a SATAe connector.

    • U.2: The U.2 port is used to connect PCIe-based storage devices by using four (4) PCIe lanes (twice the bandwidth of a SATAe port).


      A U.2 port (to the left of two SATAe ports) and a cable with a U.2 connector.

    • M.2 (Key-M) Slots:
      • Quantity: Shows the total number of M.2 (Key-M) slots in the motherboard which are used to connect storage devices supporting either a PCIe-based or a SATA-based interface, depending on the slot support. Specific slots in a motherboard may be designated to run SATA III M.2 devices only, or PCIe M.2 devices only, or both. Data on the supported modes can be seen in the succeeding columns.


        A horizontal M.2 (Key-M) slot on an EVGA motherboard (left photo), a PCIe-based M.2 (Key-M) SSD module (middle photo), and a SATA-based M.2 (Key-M + Key-B) SSD module (right photo).

      • Cover: Shrouds and/or heatsinks that cover the M.2 (Key-M) Slots.

      • Supported Modes, Bandwidth Shared, and Max. Speeds per M.2 Slot: Including their orientation/layout (traditionally, M.2 slots are parallel to the motherboard, i.e., at 90°, though some are oriented vertically, esp. on some Asus models. Some are also located at the back of the mobo, esp. on ITX boards. Some also feature either a PCIe- or DIMM-based M.2 add-in-card expansion).
    (Continues to next post below, due to max. number of photos allowed in one post)

     

    Sours: https://forums.tomshardware.com/threads/x570-x470-x370-b550-b450-b350-a520-a320-motherboards-am4-socket-for-amd-ryzen-cpus-sortable-comparison-tables.3110172/
    History of the Motherboard

    Motherboards

    Motherboard Form Factors

    First you need to make sure that the board will fit in your desired case. There are essentially three different form factors for motherboards:

    • E-ATX (Extended ATX) – the physically largest motherboards for consumers, which only fit into large cases. More often than not, E-ATX boards are the manufacturers’ flagship gaming or workstation products, with comprehensive feature sets and equally sizable price tags. 
    • ATX (Advanced Technology Extended) – the standard variety that fits in most midi-towers and larger cubes. There are ATX boars at all price levels.
    • mATX – Compared to an ATX board, mATX motherboards are smaller and usually cheaper than an equivalent ATX version, as some of the slots necessarily have to be trimmed off.
    • mITX (or Mini-ITX) – This is the smallest motherboard standard for true SFF (small form factor) builds, usually using mITX-specific cases.

    Chipsets and Sockets

    Your choice of motherboard will depend on whether you want to use an Intel or an AMD processor (CPU). As of 2019, AMD uses the AM4 socket for processors up to the 3rd-generation Ryzen CPUs. Intel CPUs from the Coffee Lake generation use the 1151 socket in combination with a 300-series chipset. 

    Chipsets, in turn, are a set of components that affect the motherboard’s overall functionality. Some chipsets allow overclocking the processor while others don’t, for example. 

    RAM and Storage

    When it comes to RAM, motherboards support different memory types and speeds. Most DDR4 RAM modules will work on most motherboards with DDR4 slots, but the board might affect performance. To be completely sure that a particular RAM module will work as intended (or at all), you can consult the QVL (Qualified Vendor List) supplied by the manufacturer.

    If you intend to connect multiple storage devices – SSDs and hard drives – it is important that there is enough bandwidth and connectors for this. Modern SSDs use the onboard M.2 format, while hard drives use SATA 6 Gbps.

    Sours: https://www.gamingpcbuilder.com/product-category/motherboard/

    Database motherboards

    Our online Motherboard Database contains 100's of rare 486 vintage obsolete old pentium motherboard manuals and links to larger databases covering 586 PII P2 PIII P3 686 P4 based mainboards. Motherboard manuals describe product features and specifications including supported memory, cpu processor, expansion card and hard drive configurations. Manuals also document jumper settings and connectors on the motherboard and list system component setup procedures. They detail how to change system settings with BIOS Setup and how to Flash update the BIOS. Manuals are a must-have when doing hardware upgrades.CLICK to ENTERMotherboard Manuals Data & More website is operated by volunteer techs from around the world dedicated to helping hobbyists locate vintage 486 & pentium motherboard manuals & jumper settings. Our support services include: Bios and Motherboard Manufacturers website listing, Troubleshooting guide, free downloadable Diagnostic Tools and a Message Board Forum to post questions.We also offer the WebHQ Search Request for motherboards not listed in our online databases. Fillout the search request form with a complete description of your motherboard and we'll search our combined offline resources.
    Sours: https://www.elhvb.com/webhq/
    How to Select/Choose Motherboards For Intel CPUs - H/B/Z Series Motherboards / Beginners Guide

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