Chamomile tea wiki

Chamomile tea wiki DEFAULT

What Is Chamomile?

Chamomile (Matricaria recuita) is a flowering plant in the daisy (Asteraceae) family. Native to Europe and Western Asia, it's now found around the world. The herb smells slightly like an apple, which may explain its name—chamomile is Greek for Earth apple.

There are two different chamomile plants: German chamomile and Roman chamomile. German chamomile, which is considered the more potent variety and the type most widely used for medicinal purposes, is the plant discussed here.

Also Known As

Matricaria recutita

Chamomilla recutita

German chamomile

Hungarian chamomile

True chamomile

Chamomile has been used as an herbal remedy since the time of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, in 500 BC. The list of conditions for which it's been used is extensive. It includes fever, headaches, kidney, liver, and bladder problems, digestive upset, muscle spasms, anxiety, insomnia, skin irritations, bruises, gout, ulcers, rheumatic pain, hay fever, inflammation, hemorrhoids, colic, and menstrual disorders. The generic name, Matricaria, comes from the Latin matrix, meaning womb, because chamomile was used historically to treat disorders of the female reproductive system. Germans refer to chamomile as alles zutraut, meaning capable of anything. Indeed, chamomile was considered such a panacea or cure-all that one writer described it as "the medical duct tape of the pre-MacGyver days."

In modern times, chamomile is mostly taken orally to help with insomnia, anxiety, and digestive upsets, though it's also being investigated as a possible treatment for diabetes. It's also used topically to quell skin conditions and to help with wound healing. The research, however, isn't strong for any of these purported benefits because chamomile hasn't been well studied in people.

Some of the purported benefits of chamomile likely stem from the fact that the essential oil and flower extracts derived from chamomile contain more than 120 chemical constituents, many of which are pharmacologically active. They include chamazulene (an anti-inflammatory), bisabolol (an oil with anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties), apigenin (a phytonutrient that acts as a strong anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral), and luteolin (a phytonutrient with potential anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer activity). Whether as a result of these compounds or others, research shows chamomile possesses properties that can help ease inflammation, spasms, and flatulence, promote calm and sleep, and protect against the bacteria that cause stomach ulcers.

What Is Chamomile Used For?

Chamomile may be best known as a sleep aid, but the strongest evidence for the herb suggests it might be helpful for anxiety. Here's a look at current evidence.


Chamomile is one of the most widely used alternative therapies for promoting sleep and treating insomnia. However, despite its reputation as an herb that facilitates sleep, there's little solid research supporting its effectiveness. Interestingly, despite the fact that it approved the use of chamomile flower preparations for a host of other purposes—including gastrointestinal spasms and bacterial skin diseases—in 1984, Commission E, Germany's counterpart to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, did not grant approval for it as a sleep aid due to the lack of published research in this area.

The few human studies that have been conducted are small, have design flaws (for instance, no control group), and show mixed results. For instance, in a 2011 study, 17 people with insomnia took 270 milligrams of chamomile extract twice daily (an amount that could only be achieved in a concentrated extract, not a tea) for a month and also kept a sleep diary. When researchers compared their diaries to those who took a placebo, they found no significant difference in how fast patients fell asleep or how much sleep they got.

In contrast, a 2017 study of 77 older people in nursing homes found a significant improvement in sleep quality when participants were given 400-milligram capsules of chamomile twice a day for four weeks, compared to those who didn't receive any treatment. Similarly, when researchers in a 2016 study randomized 40 women who had just given birth to drinking one cup of chamomile tea a day for two weeks, they scored significantly lower compared to a control group that didn't drink the tea when it came to both sleep problems and symptoms of depression. However, the improvement went away four weeks after the women stopped drinking the tea, suggesting the positive effects of chamomile are limited to the short term.

As for how chamomile might help induce slumber, animal research suggests it has both sedative and anti-anxiety effects. One study reported that apigenin, a component of chamomile, binds at the same receptor sites in the brain as benzodiazepines like Valium. Another study showed that chamomile extract at a dose of 300 milligrams caused a significant shortening in how long it took rats to fall asleep, while other research in mice demonstrated that chamomile can significantly prolong the sleeping time induced by sleep-inducing drugs like barbiturates.


Research has shown chamomile to have meaningful benefits when it comes to reducing anxiety and the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, which rates the effectiveness of natural remedies based on scientific evidence, says chamomile is possibly effective for anxiety.

The first controlled clinical trial of chamomile extract in 2009 found it may have a modest anti-anxiety effect in people with mild-to-moderate general anxiety disorder, one of the most common anxiety disorders. Participants took 200 milligrams to 1,100 milligrams of chamomile a day for eight weeks. A 2016 study found that taking 500 milligrams of chamomile extract three times a day for 12 weeks significantly reduced moderate-to-severe symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, one of the most common anxiety disorders. In addition to soothing anxiety, research shows chamomile extract may also have antidepressant effects as well.

Digestive Issues

Preliminary studies suggest that chamomile inhibits Helicobacter pylori, the bacteria that can contribute to stomach ulcers. Chamomile is believed to be helpful in reducing smooth muscle spasms associated with various gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders like inflammatory bowel disease, though research is needed to confirm that use. 

An animal study from 2014 showed that chamomile extracts have strong antidiarrheal and antioxidant properties when given to rats in a dose-dependent manner against castor oil-induced diarrhea and intestinal fluid accumulation.

A 2015 study on more than 1,000 patients with acute diarrhea found that a commmercial product containing a combination of myrrh, coffee charcoal, and chamomile flower extract is well tolerated, safe, and as effective as conventional therapies.

Wound Healing

Topically applied chamomile may be able to speed wound healing. Studies show that substances in chamomile can kill viruses and bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, the cause of staph infections, reduce inflammation, and prevent and treat the growth of ulcers.

One preliminary study that compared chamomile and corticosteroids for treating ulcers in test tubes and animals concluded that chamomile promotes faster wound healing: Animals treated with chamomile exhibited complete wound healing nine days before animals treated with corticosteroids.

Chamomile helped heal wounds in humans as well. In one small study that investigated the efficacy of a combination of lavender and chamomile essential oil on patients with chronic leg ulcers, researchers reported that four of the five patients in the chamomile and lavender oil group had complete healing of the wounds with the fifth patient making progress towards a recovery. Chamomile also proved superior to applying one percent hydrocortisone ointment in healing skin lesions after a surgical procedure in another study. Wounds treated by applying a chamomile compress for an hour once a day healed five to six days faster than those treated with hydrocortisone once a day. Still, more studies are needed.


Chamomile is often used to treat mild skin irritations, including sunburn, rashes, sores, and even eye inflammations, but its value in treating these conditions needs more research.

Topical applications of chamomile have been shown to be moderately effective in the treatment of eczema. In one partially double-blind trial carried out as a half-side comparison, a commercial chamomile cream showed a mild superiority towards a low-dose .5 percent hydrocortisone and a marginal difference compared to the placebo.


Some studies have found that chamomile tea can lower blood sugar in people with diabetes. In one study, 64 participants that consumed chamomile tea three times a day after meals for eight weeks saw a statistically significant decrease in markers for diabetes as well as total cholesterol compared to people who drank water. It also exhibited some anti-obesity activity. While chamomile may be a helpful supplement to existing treatments, researchers noted that larger and longer studies are needed to evaluate the usefulness of chamomile in managing diabetes.

Oral Health

Some preliminary studies that evaluated the efficacy of chamomile mouthwash found that it significantly reduced gingivitis and plaque in comparison to controls, probably because of its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities.

Selection and Preparation 

The flowering tops of the chamomile plant are used to make teas, liquid extracts, capsules, or tablets. The herb can also be applied to the skin as a cream or an ointment, or used as a mouth rinse.

To make tea, steep one heaping teaspoon of chamomile flowers in two-thirds of a cup of boiling water for five to 10 minutes before straining. You can also buy commercial teas. Chamomile is also available in capsules.

As a gargle or mouth rinse, prepare as a tea, then let it cool. Gargle as often as desired. You may also make an oral rinse with 10 to 15 drops of German chamomile liquid extract (aka tincture) in 100 milliliters of warm water.

There is no standard dosage of chamomile. Dosages used in studies vary. For instance, capsules containing 220 to 1100 milligrams of German chamomile extract have been taken daily for eight weeks to help alleviate anxiety.

Possible Side Effects

Chamomile is part of the same plant family as ragweed and chrysanthemum, so people with allergies to these plants may react—sometimes severely—when they use chamomile either internally or topically. Though reactions are reportedly more common with Roman chamomile, call your healthcare provider if you experience vomiting, skin irritation, or allergic reactions (chest tightness, wheezing, hives, rash, itching) after chamomile use.


Chamomile contains coumarin, a naturally-occurring compound with anticoagulant or blood-thinning effects. It should not be combined with Coumadin (warfarin) or other medications or supplements that have the same effect or be used by people with bleeding disorders without a healthcare provider's supervision.

An isolated case has been reported of a 70-year-old woman who developed severe internal bleeding after drinking four to five cups of chamomile tea for a sore throat and using a chamomile-based skin lotion four to five times a day. The woman was being treated with the drug warfarin for a heart condition. It’s believed that the chamomile tea (and possibly the lotion) acted synergistically with the warfarin to cause bleeding. 

Due to concerns about bleeding, chamomile shouldn't be used two weeks before or after surgery.

German chamomile might act like estrogen in the body. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, including hormone-sensitive conditions like breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids, don't use it without consulting your healthcare provider.

Keep in mind that chamomile in any form should be used it as a supplement to, and not a replacement for, your usual medication regimen. Talk to your healthcare providers before taking chamomile if you’re taking any type of medicine. Giving them a full picture of what you do to manage your health will help to ensure coordinated and safe care.

Be aware, too, that not all supplements have been tested for safety and, due to the fact that dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the content of some products may differ from what is specified on the product label. Also note that the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications have not been established.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • It typically has a mild floral taste with hints of apple.

  • Chamomile grows best in cool conditions and in full sun or partial shade. It's fairly easy to grow and doesn't need much water or fertilizer. If you're growing it for making tea, it will likely be ready for harvest once the flowers bloom.

  • Pour boiling water over chamomile flowers, 1 teaspoon dried or 2 teaspoons fresh. Let it brew for 5 to 10 minutes. You can use a tea infuser to steep the tea or use a strainer to remove the flowers before drinking.

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Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

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  1. Behr true copper
  2. Pedicure manicure chairs
  3. Furever tails


Common name, for several daisy-like plants

Chamomile (American English) or camomile (British English; see spelling differences) (KAM-ə-myl or KAM-ə-meel[1][2]), is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae. Two of the species, Matricaria recutita, and Anthemis nobilis are commonly used to make herbal infusions for traditional medicine.[3][4][5] Although there is insufficient scientific evidence that consuming chamomile in foods or beverages has any beneficial effect on health, [4][5] Chamomile is famous for its traditional use in a variety of applications. Many individuals advocate and utilize chamomile flower dry powder for numerous conventional health issues due to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant & mild astringent properties. [6]


The word "chamomile" derived via French and Latin from Greek χαμαίμηλον (khamaimēlon), "earth apple", from χαμαί (khamai) "on the ground" and μῆλον (mēlon) "apple".[7][8] First used in the 13th century, the spelling "chamomile" corresponds to the Latin chamomilla and Greek chamaimelon.[8] The spelling "camomile" is a British derivation from the French.[8]


Some commonly used species include:

A number of other species common names include the word "chamomile". This does not mean they are used in the same manner as the species used in the herbal tea known as "chamomile". Plants including the common name "chamomile", of the family Asteraceae, are:

  • Anthemis arvensis, corn, scentless or field chamomile
  • Anthemis cotula, stinking chamomile
  • Cladanthus mixtus, Moroccan chamomile
  • Chamaemelum nobile, Roman Chamomile
  • Cota tinctoria, dyer's, golden, oxeye, or yellow chamomile
  • Eriocephalus punctulatus, Cape chamomile
  • Matricaria discoidea, wild chamomile or pineapple weed
  • Tripleurospermum inodorum, wild, scentless or false chamomile


Chamomile tea being served at the Savoy Hotel in London, England.

Chamomile may be used as a flavoring agent in foods and beverages, mouthwash, soaps, or cosmetics.[5]


Chamomile tea is a herbal infusion made from dried flowers and hot water.[3] Two types of chamomile used are German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) and Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile).[3]

Use in beer and ale[edit]

Chamomile has historically been used in making beer and ale.[11] Unlike for tea, in which only the flowers are used, the whole plant has been used to make beers and ales, adding a bitter flavor component favored by craft breweries and homebrewers.[12][13]


The main constituents of chamomile flowers are polyphenol compounds,[9] including apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, and luteolin.[14] Chamomile is under preliminary research for its potential anti-anxiety properties.[9] There is no high-quality clinical evidence that it is useful for treating insomnia[15] or any disease.[3]

Drug interactions[edit]

The use of chamomile has the potential to cause adverse interactions with numerous herbal products and prescription drugs and may worsen pollen allergies.[5] People who are allergic to ragweed (also in the daisy family) may be allergic to chamomile due to cross-reactivity.[3]

Apigenin, a phytochemical in chamomile, may interact with anticoagulant agents and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,[16] while other phytochemicals may adversely interact with sleep-enhancing herbal products and vitamins.[5]

Chamomile is not recommended to be taken with aspirin or non-salicylateNSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), as it may cause herb-drug interaction.

"Chamomile consists of several ingredients including coumarin, glycoside, herniarin, flavonoid, farnesol, nerolidol and germacranolide. Despite the presence of coumarin, as chamomile’s effect on the coagulation system has not yet been studied, it is unknown if a clinically significant drug-herb interaction exists with antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs. However, until more information is available, it is not recommended to use these substances concurrently."[17]

Chamomile should not be used by people with past or present cancers of the breast, ovary, uterus, endometriosis or uterine fibroids.[5]

Pregnancy and breastfeeding[edit]

Because chamomile has been known to cause uterine contractions that can invoke miscarriage, pregnant mothers are advised to not consume Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile).[4] Although oral consumption of chamomile is generally recognized as safe in the United States, there is insufficient clinical evidence about its potential for affecting nursing infants.[5]


The chamomile plant is known to be susceptible to many fungi, insects, and viruses. Fungi such as Albugo tragopogonis (white rust), Cylindrosporium matricariae, Erysiphe cichoracearum (powdery mildew), and Sphaerotheca macularis (powdery mildew) are known pathogens of the chamomile plant. Aphids have been observed feeding on chamomile plants and the moth Autographa chryson causes defoliation.

Historical descriptions[edit]

The 11th century part of Old English Illustrated Herbal has an illustrated entry.[18] Nicholas Culpepper's 17th century The Complete Herbal has an illustration and several entries on chamomel.[19]

In culture[edit]

In The Tale of Peter Rabbit by Beatrix Potter (1902), Peter is given chamomile tea after being chased by Mr. McGregor.[20]

Mary Wesley's 1984 novel The Camomile Lawn features a house in Cornwall with a lawn planted with chamomile rather than grass.


  1. ^Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter (eds.), English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 
  2. ^"Chamomile". Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  3. ^ abcde"Chamomile". National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, US National Institutes of Health. September 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  4. ^ abc"Roman chamomile". MedlinePlus, US National Institutes of Health. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  5. ^ abcdefg"Chamomile". 9 October 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  6. ^Srivastava, Janmejai K; Shankar, Eswar; Gupta, Sanjay (1 November 2010). "Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future". Molecular medicine reports. 3 (6): 895–901. doi:10.3892/mmr.2010.377. ISSN 1791-2997. PMC 2995283. PMID 21132119.
  7. ^χαμαίμηλον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
  8. ^ abc"Chamomile". Online Etymology Dictionary. 2019.
  9. ^ abcSarris, J; Panossian, A; Schweitzer, I; Stough, C; Scholey, A (December 2011). "Herbal medicine for depression, anxiety, and insomnia: a review of psychopharmacology and clinical evidence". European Neuropsychopharmacology. 21 (12): 841–860. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2011.04.002. PMID 21601431. S2CID 16831869.
  10. ^"Camomile lawn". The Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  11. ^Grieve, Maude (1931). A Modern Herbal.
  12. ^"Chamomile Beer List". RateBeer. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  13. ^"Brewing Wildflower Wheat". Brewer's Friend. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  14. ^McKay, D. L.; Blumberg, J. B. (2006). "A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria recutita L.)". Phytotherapy Research. 20 (7): 519–30. doi:10.1002/ptr.1900. PMID 16628544. S2CID 21041569.
  15. ^Leach, Matthew J.; Page, Amy T. (2015). "Herbal medicine for insomnia: A systematic review and meta-analysis". Sleep Medicine Reviews. 24: 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2014.12.003. ISSN 1087-0792. PMID 25644982.
  16. ^Miller, LG (1998). "Herbal medicinals: selected clinical considerations focusing on known or potential drug-herb interactions"(PDF). Arch. Intern. Med. 158 (20): 220–2211. doi:10.1001/archinte.158.20.2200. PMID 9818800.[better source needed]
  17. ^Abebe, W. (1 December 2002). "Herbal medication: potential for adverse interactions with analgesic drugs". Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 27 (6): 391–401. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2710.2002.00444.x. ISSN 0269-4727. PMID 12472978. S2CID 1828900.
  18. ^"Cotton MS Vitellius C III". British Library Digitised Manuscripts. p. 29.
  19. ^Culpepper, Nicholas (1600s). The Complete Herbal.
  20. ^Michael Castleman The New Healing Herbs: The Classic Guide to Nature's Best Medicines ... at Google Books

External links[edit]

Top 5 Best Chamomile Tea Review in 2021

7 Ways Dandelion Tea Could Be Good for You

Benefits of dandelion tea

It may be the arch nemesis of a yard-savvy homeowner, but dandelions aren’t without their redeeming qualities. As a matter of fact, these “weeds” are commonly used in folk medicine, and have been for quite some time.

When people talk about dandelion tea, they are largely talking about one of two different beverages: an infusion made of the plant’s leaves, or one made of roasted dandelion roots.

Both are considered safe (so long as you haven’t sprayed your yard with herbicides or pesticides) and are used for a variety of purposes.

2. It Could Promote Liver Health

Dandelion root has long been held as a “liver tonic” in folk medicine. Preliminary studies suggest this is due, in part, to its ability to increase the flow of bile.

Naturopaths believe it means that dandelion root tea could help detoxify the liver, help with skin and eye problems, and relieve symptoms of liver disease. A 2017 study suggests that polysaccharides in dandelion may indeed be beneficial to liver function.

3. It Can Act As a Natural Coffee Substitute

You may be able to find this product of pre-prepared dandelion root at your local health food stores, but you can also harvest and make it from your own non-insecticide-treated, lawn-variety dandelions.

The roots of young dandelion plants are roasted to a dark brown color. Then, after steeping in hot water and straining, it can be enjoyed as a coffee substitute.

4. Similarities Between Dandelion and a Weight Loss Drug?

A suggests that dandelion could have similar effects on the body as the weight loss drug Orlistat, which works by inhibiting pancreatic lipase, an enzyme released during digestion to break down fat.

Testing the impact of dandelion extract in mice revealed similar results, prompting researchers to recommend further study on the possible anti-obesity effects of dandelion.

How to Make It

Perhaps one of the most important facts about dandelion tea is that it’s easy to find and make. Just make sure the plants have not been treated with any chemicals before harvesting them.

Also, harvest the plants when they are young, preferably. After cleaning and preparing the plant, pour hot water over the top of greens or roasted and ground roots, steep, strain, and enjoy!

How to Make It

If your garden is already flooded with dandelions, you don’t need to rely on store-bought tea (just make sure you or someone else hasn’t treated your lawn with chemicals):
Flowers and Leaves: Wash, then let steep in hot water for 15-20 minutes.
Roots: Wash very thoroughly, chop into fine pieces, and heat on high in an oven for about two hours. Steep 1-2 teaspoons in hot water for about 10 minutes.


Tea wiki chamomile

Herbal tea

Beverage made from infusing or decocting plant material in hot water

Steeping"Hibiscus Delight", made from hibiscus flowers, rose hips, orange peel, green tea, and red raspberry leaf[1]

Herbal teas also known as herbal infusions and—less commonly[2] called tisanes (UK and US , US also )[3]—are beverages made from the infusion or decoction of herbs, spices, or other plant material in hot water. Oftentimes herb tea, or the plain term tea is used as a reference to all sorts of herbal teas. Some herbal blends contain actual tea.

The term "herbal" tea is often used in contrast to the so-called trueteas (e.g., black, green, white, yellow, oolong), which are prepared from the cured leaves of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. Unlike true teas (which are also available decaffeinated), most tisanes do not naturally contain caffeine.[4][5] There are a number of plants, however, that do contain caffeine or another stimulant, like theobromine, cocaine or ephedrine. Some common infusions have specific names such as coffee, mate (yerba mate), and rooibos (Aspalathus linearis).


Some feel that the term tisane is more correct than herbal tea or that the latter is even misleading, but most dictionaries record that the word tea is also used to refer to other plants beside the tea plant and to beverages made from these other plants.[6][7] In any case, the term herbal tea is very well established and much more common than tisane.[2]

The word tisane was rare in its modern sense before the 20th century, when it was borrowed in the modern sense from French. (This is why some people feel it should be pronounced as in French, but the original English pronunciation continues to be more common in US English and especially in UK English).[3]

The word had already existed in late Middle English in the sense of "medicinal drink" and had already been borrowed from French (Old French). The Old French word came from the Latin word ptisana, which came from the Ancient Greek word πτισάνη (ptisánē), which meant "peeled" barley, in other words pearl barley, and a drink made from this that is similar to modern barley water.[8]


See also: List of plants used in herbalism and List of culinary herbs and spices

Herbal teas can be made with fresh or dried flowers, fruit, leaves, seeds or roots. They are made by pouring boiling water over the plant parts and letting them steep for a few minutes. The herbal tea is then strained, sweetened if desired, and served. Many companies produce herbal tea bags for such infusions.

  • Apple, rose hips, orangezest, papaya, peppermint, liquorice root, lemon grass, cinnamon, blackcurrants, rose and mallow blossoms.


While varieties of tisanes can be made from any edible plant material, below is a list of those commonly used for such:

  • Anise tea, made from either the seeds or the leaves
  • Asiatic penny-wort leaf, in South Asia and Southeast Asia
  • Artichoke tea
  • Bael Fruit tea.[9]
  • Bee balm
  • Boldo, used in South America
  • Burdock, the seeds, leaves, and roots have been used
  • Cannabis tea, used in the preparation of Bhang
  • Caraway, tea made from the seeds
  • Catnip, tea used as a relaxant, sedative, and to calm
  • Chamomile
  • Che Dang, bitter tea made from Ilex causue leaves
  • Chinese knot-weed tea
  • Chrysanthemum tea, made from dried flowers
  • Cinnamon
  • Coca tea, infusion made from coca leaves. Contains trace amounts of cocaine and similar alkaloids.[10] In some countries where coca is illegal, products marketed as "coca tea" are supposed to be decocainized, i.e., the pharmacologically active components have been removed from the leaf using the same chemicals used in manufacturing cocaine.
  • Cacao bean tea
    • Hot cocoa is not an herbal tea because the plant material is dissolved in water (or milk), but cacao bean can be used to make a tea.
  • Coffee-leaf tea, coffee fruit tea, and coffee blossom tea are herbal teas made using the leaves, fruits and flowers of the coffee plant
  • Coffee bean tea, or simply coffee, a tisane made from the seeds of the coffee plant
  • Cerasse, bitter Jamaican herb
  • Citrus peel, including bergamot, lemon and orange peel
  • Dandelion coffee
  • Dill tea
  • Dried lime tea, made from dried limes common in western Asia
  • Echinacea tea
  • Elderberry
  • European Mistletoe (Viscum album), (steep in cold water for 2–6 hours)
  • Essiac tea, blended herbal tea
  • Fennel
  • Gentian
  • Ginger root, can be made into herbal tea, known in the Philippines as salabat
  • Ginseng, a common tea in China and Korea, commonly used as a stimulant and as a caffeine substitute
  • Goji
  • Guayusa, caffeinated tree of the holly genus, native to the Amazon Rainforest.
  • Hawthorn
  • Hibiscus (often blended with rose hip), a common tea in the Middle East or Asia
  • Honeybush, similar to rooibos and grows in a nearby area of South Africa, but tastes slightly sweeter. Has a low tannin content, no caffeine.
  • Horehound
  • Houttuynia
  • Hydrangea tea, dried leaves of hydrangeas; considerable care must be taken because most species contain a toxin. The "safe" hydrangeas belong to the Hydrangea serrata Amacha ("sweet tea") Cultivar Group.[11]
  • Jiaogulan, (also known as xiancao or poor man's ginseng)
  • Kapor tea, dried leaves of fireweed
  • Kava root, from the South Pacific, can be made into a tea for stomach upsets and other minor illnesses. The traditional form is a water-based suspension of kava roots.
  • Kratom, dried leaves of the kratom tree.[citation needed]
  • Kuzuyu, is a thick white Japanese tea made by adding kudzu flour to hot water
  • Labrador tea, made from the shrub by the same name, found in the northern part of North America.
  • Lemon Balm
  • Lemon and ginger tea
  • Lemon grass
  • Luo han guo
  • Licorice root
  • Lime blossom, dried flowers of lime tree (Tilia in Latin).
  • Mint (mint tea), especially peppermint (also mixed with green tea)
  • Moringa
  • Mountain Tea, common in the Balkans and other areas of the Mediterranean region. Made from a variety of the Sideritis syriaca plant which grows in warm climates above 3,000 feet. Records of its use date back 2,000 years.
  • Neem leaf
  • Nettle leaf
  • New Jersey Tea
  • Noni tea
  • Oksusu cha, traditional roasted corn tea found in Korea.
  • Olive leaf tea
  • Osmanthus tea, dried flowers of the sweet olive tree are used alone or blended with tea leaves in China.
  • Pandan tea
  • Patchouli tea
  • Pennyroyal leaf, an abortifacient
  • Pine tea, or tallstrunt, made from needles of pine trees
  • Poppy tea, drank for its sedative and analgesic properties
  • Qishr, Yemeni drink with coffee husks and ginger
  • Red clover tea
  • Red raspberry leaf
  • Barley tea, East Asian drink with roasted barley
  • Roasted wheat, used in Postum, a coffee substitute
  • Rooibos (Red Bush), a reddish plant used to make an infusion and grown in South Africa. In the US it is sometimes called red tea. It has many of the antioxidant characteristics of green tea, but because it does not come from tea leaves, it has no caffeine.
  • Rose hip (often blended with hibiscus)
  • Roselle petals (species of Hibiscus; aka Bissap, Dah, etc.), consumed in the Sahel and elsewhere
  • Rosemary
  • Sagebrush, California Sagebrush
  • Sage
  • Sakurayu, Japanese herbal tea made with pickled cherry blossom petals
  • Salvia
  • Sassafras roots were steeped to make tea and were used in the flavoring of root beer until being banned by the FDA.
  • Scorched rice, known as hyeonmi cha in Korea
  • Skullcap
  • Serendib (tea), tea from Sri Lanka
  • Sobacha
  • Spearmint
  • Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) leaves used to make a tea by some native peoples of eastern North America
  • Spruce tea, made from needles of spruce trees
  • Staghorn sumac, fruit can be made into a lemonade
  • Stevia, can be used to make herbal tea, or as a sweetener in other beverages
  • St. John's Wort
  • Thyme, contains thymol
  • Tulsi, or Holy Basil, in English
  • Turmeric tea
  • Uncaria tomentosa, commonly known as Cat's Claw
  • Valerian is used as a sedative.[12]
  • Verbena (Vervain)
  • Vetiver
  • Wax gourd in East Asia and Southeast Asia.
  • Wong Lo Kat, a recipe for herbal tea from Guangdong, China since the Qing Dynasty
  • Woodruff
  • Yarrow

Health risks[edit]

See also: List of herbs with known adverse effects and Controversies regarding the use of plastic in teabags

While most herbal teas are safe for regular consumption, some herbs have toxic or allergenic effects. Among the greatest causes of concern are:

Herbal teas can also have different effects from person to person, and this is further compounded by the problem of potential misidentification. The deadly foxglove, for example, can be mistaken for the much more benign (but still relatively toxic to the liver) comfrey. Care must be taken not to use any poisonous plants.

The US does not require herbal teas to have any evidence concerning their efficacy, but does treat them technically as food products and require that they be safe for consumption.

Fruit or fruit-flavored tea is usually acidic and thus may contribute to erosion of tooth enamel.[15]


See also: Health effects of pesticides

Depending on the source of the herbal ingredients, herbal teas, like any crop, may be contaminated with pesticides or heavy metals.[16][17] According to Naithani & Kakkar (2004), "all herbal preparations should be checked for toxic chemical residues to allay consumer fears of exposure to known neuro-toxicant pesticides and to aid in promoting global acceptance of these products".[16]

During pregnancy[edit]

In addition to the issues mentioned above which are toxic to all people, several medicinal herbs are considered abortifacients, and if consumed by a pregnant individual could cause miscarriage. These include common ingredients like nutmeg, mace, papaya, bitter melon, verbena, saffron, slippery elm, and possibly pomegranate. It also includes more obscure herbs, like mugwort, rue, pennyroyal, wild carrot, blue cohosh, tansy, and savin.[medical citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"Hibiscus Delight (Loose Leaf Tea Blend) – 1/2 lb | Lone Star Botanicals". Retrieved 2021-08-04.
  2. ^ ab"Google Ngram Viewer". Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  3. ^ ab"Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary". 2018-05-23. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  4. ^"Herbal tea". Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  5. ^Center, Garfield Medical. "Different Types of Tea and Caffeine Content". Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  6. ^"". Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  7. ^"tea - Definition of tea in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
  8. ^"TISANE | Definition of TISANE by Oxford Dictionary on also meaning of TISANE". Lexico Dictionaries | English.
  9. ^Manjeshwar, Harshith, Nandhini, Farhan, Shrinath Baliga, P. Bhat, Joseph, Fazal (August 2011). "Phytochemistry and medicinal uses of the bael fruit (Aegle marmelos Correa): A concise review". Food Research International. 44 (7): 1768–1775. doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2011.02.008.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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