Sometimes you just imaging Disney people brainstorming ideas and the big boss saying "Raiding a Battlecruise with horses!" and all the bosses wannabes in the room screaming "Yehaaa!!!" while the new guys stay silent and sad.
Since I am a fan I'll watch anything from Star Wars but, really? was it necessary?
I understand they are targeting 12 years old but one thing is to forget about science, we can even forget about common sense, but the horse thing felt like having a hallucinogenic trip.
It's a strange feeling to be sad and glad that it is over, but I am.
This is definitely a movie to see at a good cinema, not something to wait to watch at home, you need the atmosphere.
A few good plot twists, and some of the characters could have developed more, its pretty obvious there are going to be some future spin offs hopefully of the same quality as "Rogue One", rather than "Solo".
Ignore some of the mixed reviews it was a great way to end the skywalker story.
What's wrong with all of you?? I watched this film with my siblings and we all loved it.
Star Wars is a film about peace and love and good versus evil. It's a film that teaches you to follow your heart, your feeling or 'the force'. It's a film where optimism always wins versus pessimism. Positivity beats negativity A film where we all live together in peace, no matter what race or planet you come from. The message is beautiful, really.
I don't know. I just know the first star wars films weren't perfect either. But we loved them and accepted them for what they were. Why can't we do the same for the new ones?
I only see negative comments here. Maybe you have grown older, more pessimistic over the years and that's why your judgment has changed, like many of us.
I Wish you would have watched it in good company without preconceptions. It might have changed your experience.
Sadly, the force is not very strong here.
Star Wars Episode 9 The Rise of Skywalker Movie
PG| min| Action, Adventure, Fantasy
In the riveting conclusion of the landmark Skywalker saga, new legends will be born-and the final battle for freedom is yet to come.
Director: J.J. Abrams| Stars: Daisy Ridley, John Boyega, Oscar Isaac, Adam Driver
Star Wars: The Last Jedi
American epic space-opera film written and directed by Rian Johnson
"Episode VIII" redirects here. For other similarly known episodes, see Episode 8.
Star Wars: The Last Jedi (also known as Star Wars: Episode VIII – The Last Jedi) is a American epic space opera film written and directed by Rian Johnson. Produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, it is the second installment of the Star Wars sequel trilogy, following The Force Awakens (), and the eighth episode of the nine-part "Skywalker saga". The film's ensemble cast includes Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher, Adam Driver, Daisy Ridley, John Boyega, Oscar Isaac, Andy Serkis, Lupita Nyong'o, Domhnall Gleeson, Anthony Daniels, Gwendoline Christie, Kelly Marie Tran, Laura Dern, and Benicio del Toro. The Last Jedi follows Rey as she seeks the aid of Luke Skywalker, in hopes of turning the tide for the Resistance in the fight against Kylo Ren and the First Order, while General Leia Organa, Finn, and Poe Dameron attempt to escape a First Order attack on the dwindling Resistance fleet. The film features the first posthumous film performance by Fisher, who died in December , and the film is dedicated to her.
The Last Jedi is part of a new trilogy of films announced after Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm in October It was produced by Lucasfilm president Kathleen Kennedy and Ram Bergman and executive produced by The Force Awakens director J.J. Abrams. John Williams, composer for the previous episodic films, returned to compose the score. A number of scenes were filmed at Skellig Michael in Ireland during pre-production in September , but principal photography began at Pinewood Studios in England in February and wrapped that July.
The Last Jedi premiered in Los Angeles on December 9, , and was released in the United States on December It grossed over $billion worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of and the ninth-highest-grossing film of all time during its theatrical run. It is also the second-highest-grossing Star Wars film and turned a net profit of over $million. The film was well-received by critics for its action sequences and emotional weight, and it received four nominations at the 90th Academy Awards, including Best Original Score and Best Visual Effects, as well as two nominations at the 71st British Academy Film Awards. The sequel, The Rise of Skywalker, was released in December
Shortly after the battle of Starkiller Base,[N 1] General Leia Organa is leading the Resistance forces in evacuating their base when the First Order fleet arrives. Against Leia's orders, Poe Dameron leads a costly counterattack that destroys a First Order dreadnought. The remaining Resistance escapes into hyperspace, but the First Order uses a device to track them, and attacks again. Kylo Ren hesitates to fire on the lead Resistance ship after sensing his mother Leia's presence on board, but his wingmen destroy the bridge, killing most of the Resistance's leaders. Leia is dragged into space but survives by using the Force. While Leia recovers, Vice-Admiral Holdo assumes command of the Resistance. Running low on fuel, the remaining fleet is pursued by the First Order.
On Ahch-To, Rey attempts to recruit Luke Skywalker to the Resistance. Under self-imposed exile, Luke refuses to help and says that the Jedi should end. After encouragement from R2-D2, he agrees to give Rey three lessons in the ways of the Force. Rey and Kylo begin communicating through the Force, which puzzles them both. Kylo tells Rey that Luke feared his power; Luke confesses that he momentarily contemplated killing Kylo upon sensing that Snoke was corrupting him, which prompted Kylo to destroy Luke's new Jedi Order. Convinced that Kylo can be redeemed, Rey leaves Ahch-To. Luke prepares to burn the Jedi library but hesitates. The spirit of Luke's master Yoda appears and destroys the library by summoning a bolt of lightning. He encourages Luke to learn from his failure.
Meanwhile, Poe entrusts Finn, mechanic Rose, and BB-8 with a secret mission to disable the First Order's tracking device. Maz Kanata directs them to the casino town of Canto Bight, where they meet the hacker DJ. Pursued by the local security, they escape Canto Bight with the help of stablehand children and racing animals they set free. Finn, Rose, and DJ infiltrate Snoke's flagship but are captured by Captain Phasma. Kylo brings Rey to Snoke, who reveals that he connected their minds to discover Luke's whereabouts.
Holdo plans to evacuate the remaining members of the Resistance using small transport vessels. Believing her plan cowardly and futile, Poe leads a mutiny. A recovered Leia stuns Poe with a blaster and proceeds with the evacuation. Holdo remains aboard the ship as a decoy to mislead Snoke's fleet as the others flee to an abandoned base on Crait. DJ buys his freedom by revealing the Resistance's plan to General Hux, and the First Order fleet begins firing on the evacuation transports, destroying many.
Ordered to kill Rey, Kylo instead kills Snoke and defeats his Praetorian Guard with her help. Rey hopes that Kylo has abandoned the dark side, but he instead asks her to rule the galaxy with him. Refusing, she battles him for control of Luke's lightsaber, bisecting the weapon. Holdo sacrifices herself by slicing through Snoke's flagship at lightspeed, crippling the First Order fleet. Rey escapes the destruction while Kylo declares himself Supreme Leader. BB-8 frees Finn and Rose; they defeat Phasma and join the survivors on Crait. When the First Order arrives, Poe, Finn, and Rose attack with obsolete speeders. Rey and Chewbacca draw TIE fighters away in the Millennium Falcon, while Rose stops Finn from sacrificing himself. The First Order penetrates the Resistance fortress using a siege cannon.
Luke appears and confronts the First Order, allowing the surviving Resistance to escape. Kylo orders the First Order's forces to fire on Luke, but they fail to harm him. He then engages Luke in a lightsaber duel; upon striking Luke, Kylo realizes that Luke is not physically present, but projecting his image through the Force. Rey helps the remaining Resistance escape on the Falcon. Exhausted, Luke dies peacefully on Ahch-To, becoming one with the Force. Rey and Leia sense his death, and Leia tells Rey that the Resistance can rise again.
At Canto Bight, the stablehands recount the story of Luke Skywalker; afterward, one of them moves a broom with the Force and gazes into space.
See also: List of Star Wars characters and List of Star Wars cast members
- Mark Hamill as Luke Skywalker, a powerful Jedi Master who has been in self-imposed exile on the planet Ahch-To.
- Carrie Fisher as General Leia Organa, twin sister to Luke, former princess of Alderaan, and a leading general in the Resistance.
- Adam Driver as Kylo Ren, Supreme Leader Snoke's disciple, who is strong with the Force. He is the son of Han Solo and Leia Organa, and Luke's nephew.
- Daisy Ridley as Rey, a highly Force-sensitive scavenger from the desert planet Jakku who joined the Resistance and goes to find Luke.
- John Boyega as Finn, a former stormtrooper of the First Order who defected to the Resistance.
- Oscar Isaac as Poe Dameron, a high-ranking X-wing fighter pilot in the Resistance.
- Andy Serkis as Supreme Leader Snoke, the leader of the First Order and Kylo Ren's master.
- Lupita Nyong'o as Maz Kanata, a pirate and ally of the Resistance.
- Domhnall Gleeson as General Hux, the former head of the First Order's Starkiller Base.
- Anthony Daniels as C-3PO, a humanoid protocol droid in the service of Leia Organa.
- Gwendoline Christie as Captain Phasma, the commander of the First Order's stormtroopers.
- Kelly Marie Tran as Rose Tico, a member of the Resistance who works in maintenance.
- Laura Dern as Vice-Admiral Amilyn Holdo, an officer in the Resistance.
- Benicio del Toro as DJ, an underworld codebreaker.
Frank Oz returns as Yoda, the deceased former Jedi Master and Luke's wise mentor, who appears as a Force spirit.Joonas Suotamo appears as Chewbacca, taking over the role from Peter Mayhew after previously serving as his body double in The Force Awakens. Mayhew, who suffered from chronic knee and back pain, was credited as "Chewbacca consultant".Billie Lourd, Mike Quinn, and Timothy D. Rose reprise their roles as Lieutenant Connix, Nien Nunb, and Admiral Ackbar, respectively; with Tom Kane voicing Ackbar.Amanda Lawrence appears as Commander D'Acy, and Mark Lewis Jones and Adrian Edmondson play Captains Canady and Peavey, respectively.BB-8 is controlled by puppeteers Dave Chapman and Brian Herring, with initial voice work by Ben Schwartz and final sound effects voiced by Bill Hader modulated through a synthesizer.Jimmy Vee portrays R2-D2, taking over the role from Kenny Baker, who died in August Veronica Ngo portrays Rose's sister Paige Tico, a Resistance gunner who sacrifices her life to destroy a First Order dreadnought.
Justin Theroux plays the master codebreaker, while Lily Cole plays his companion.Joseph Gordon-Levitt has a voice cameo as Slowen Lo, and Warwick Davis plays Wodibin.Rogue One () director Gareth Edwards has a cameo appearance as a Resistance Soldier, with Edgar Wright and Joe Cornish also cameo in the film.Hermione Corfield appears as Tallissan "Tallie" Lintra, a Resistance A-Wing pilot and squadron leader, and Noah Segan and Jamie Christopher appear as Resistance pilots Starck and Tubbs.Hugh Skinner cameos as a Resistance Officer; while Hamill's children, Griffin, Nathan, and Chelsea, cameo as Resistance soldiers.Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex; and Gary Barlow have cameo appearances as stormtroopers, and Tom Hardy also has an appearance as a stormtrooper, but his cameo was dropped from the final cut.
In October , Star Wars creator George Lucas sold his production company Lucasfilm to The Walt Disney Company. Disney announced a new trilogy of Star Wars films.J. J. Abrams was named director of the first episode in the trilogy, The Force Awakens, in January  In June , director Rian Johnson was reported to be in talks to write and direct its sequel, Episode VIII, and to write a treatment for the third film, Episode IX, with Ram Bergman producing both films. Johnson confirmed in August that he would direct Episode VIII.
In January , Disney CEO Bob Iger stated that Episode VIII would be released in  In December, Lucasfilm president Kathleen Kennedy said that the film had not been mapped out and that Abrams was collaborating with Johnson, who would in turn work with (then) Episode IX director Colin Trevorrow to ensure a smooth transition. Additionally, Abrams served as an executive producer along with Tom Karnowski and Jason McGatlin. In January , Lucasfilm announced the title for Episode VIII as Star Wars: The Last Jedi.
The Last Jedi story begins immediately after The Force Awakens. Johnson had his story group watch films such as Twelve O'Clock High (), The Bridge on the River Kwai (), Gunga Din (), Three Outlaw Samurai (), Sahara (), and Letter Never Sent () for inspiration while developing ideas. He felt it was difficult to work on the film while The Force Awakens was being finished.
Johnson wrote the scene with the mirrored versions of Rey to symbolise her search for identity; when she asks for a vision of her parents, she sees only herself. Rey learns that her parents were "nobodies" as it would be "the hardest thing" she and the audience could hear; Johnson likened the scene to Luke Skywalker learning that Darth Vader is his father in The Empire Strikes Back (). During production, Hamill expressed disagreement with the direction of his character, Luke, feeling his character's disillusioned state was at odds with his character. Hamill later said he regretted making his initial misgivings public and compared his disagreements to his clashes with George Lucas during the filming of Return of the Jedi ().
In September , Disney shortlisted the female cast members to Gina Rodriguez, Tatiana Maslany, and Olivia Cooke. That same month, Benicio del Toro confirmed his involvement in the film, but denied that he was playing a villain, and Mark Hamill was also confirmed.Joaquin Phoenix was also courted to portray the role of DJ, but would end up passing on the offer. In October , Gugu Mbatha-Raw was rumored to have been cast in the film. In November, Kennedy announced at the London premiere of The Force Awakens that the entire cast would return for Episode VIII, along with "a handful" of new cast members. In February , at the start of filming, it was confirmed that Laura Dern and Kelly Marie Tran had been cast in undisclosed roles. In April , at the Star Wars Celebration Orlando, Lucasfilm announced that Tran would play Resistance maintenance worker Rose Tico, which Johnson described as the film's largest new role. To keep Frank Oz's return as Yoda a secret, producers excluded Oz's name in the billing for the film's pre-release marketing and ensured that Oz stayed on set during filming.
Second unit photography began during pre-production at Skellig Michael in Ireland on September 14, , due to the difficulties of filming at that location during other seasons. It would have lasted five days, but filming was canceled for the first day due to poor weather and rough conditions. In September , del Toro revealed that principal photography would begin in March  The production began work on the Stage at Pinewood Studios on November 15, Rick Heinrichs served as production designer.
In January , production of Episode VIII was delayed until February due to script rewrites. Filming was in danger of being delayed further due to an upcoming strike between the Producers Alliance for Cinema and Television and the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union. On February 10, , Disney CEO Bob Iger confirmed that principal photography had begun under the working title Space Bear. Additional filming took place in Dubrovnik, Croatia from March 9 to 16, as well as in Ireland in May.Malin Head in County Donegal and a mountain headland, Ceann Sibeal in County Kerry, served as additional filming locations. To increase the scenes' intimacy Driver and Ridley were both present when filming Kylo and Rey's Force visions. Location filming for the battle scenes on the planet Crait took place at the Salar de Uyunisalt flats in Bolivia. Additional filming took place in Mexico.
Principal photography wrapped on July 22, , though as of early September, Nyong'o had not filmed her scenes. In February , it was announced that sequences from the film were shot in IMAX. Production designer Rick Heinrichs said the original script called for sets, double what might be expected, but that Johnson did some "trimming and cutting". Ultimately, sets were created on 14 sound stages at Pinewood Studios.
According to creature designer Neal Scanlan, The Last Jedi has more practical effects than any Star Wars film, with to creatures created with practical effects, some cut from the final edit. For Yoda's appearance in the film as a Force ghost, the character was created using puppetry, as was done in the original Star Wars trilogy (as opposed to computer-generated imagery, which was used to create Yoda in most of the prequel trilogy).
Main article: Star Wars: The Last Jedi (soundtrack)
In July , Kennedy confirmed at the Star Wars Celebration Europe that John Williams would return to score the Star Wars sequel trilogy. Williams confirmed his assignment for The Last Jedi at a Tanglewood concert in August , stating he would begin recording the score "off and on" in December until March or April  On February 21, , it was confirmed that recording was underway, with both Williams and William Ross conducting the sessions. In lieu of a traditional spotting session with Johnson, Williams was provided a temp track of music from his previous film scores as a reference for scoring The Last Jedi. The official soundtrack album was released byWalt Disney Recordson December 15, 
On September 19, , Australia Post released a set of stamp packs. On October 12, Royal Mail released a set of eight promotional postage stamps designed by Malcolm Tween. Several tie-in books were released on the same day as the film's release, including The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary, and various children's reading and activity books. Related novelizations included the prequel book Cobalt Squadron, and the Canto Bight, a collection of novellas about the Canto Bight Casino. As with The Force Awakens, there is no official tie-in game for The Last Jedi, in favor of integrating content from the film into other Star Wars video games, including Star Wars Battlefront II, which introduced various content from the film, during the game's first "season".
The film had its world premiere at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles on December 9, , and was released in the United States on December 15, in IMAX and 3D. The film was originally scheduled to be released in the United States on May 26; however, it was pushed back to December to avoid competition with Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales ().
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released Star Wars: The Last Jedi digitally in HD and 4K via digital download and Movies Anywhere on March 13, , with an Ultra HD Blu-ray, Blu-ray, and DVD physical release on March  On March 31, , a disc Skywalker Saga box set was released, containing all nine films in the series, with each film receiving three discs, a Blu-ray version, a 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray, and special features found on the release for the first six episodic films.
Star Wars: The Last Jedi grossed $million in the United States and Canada, and $million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $billion. It had a worldwide opening of $million, the eighth-biggest of all time, including $million that was attributed to IMAX screenings, the second biggest for IMAX. It was estimated that the film would need to gross $million worldwide to break even;Deadline Hollywood calculated the net profit of the film to be $million, accounting for production budgets, marketing, talent participations, and other costs, with box office grosses, and ancillary revenues from home media, placing it first on their list of 's "Most Valuable Blockbusters".
United States and Canada
Pre-sale tickets went on sale in the United States on October 9, , and as with The Force Awakens and Rogue One, ticket service sites such as Fandango had their servers crash due to heavy traffic and demand. In the United States and Canada, industry tracking had The Last Jedi grossing around $million from 4, theaters in its opening weekend. The film made $45million from Thursday night previews, the second-highest amount ever (behind The Force Awakens' $57million). It went on to make $million on its first day (including previews), and $million over the weekend, both the second-highest amounts of all time. The opening weekend figure included an IMAX opening-weekend of $25million, the biggest IMAX opening of the year, and the second biggest ever behind The Force Awakens.
After dropping by 76% on its second Friday, the worst Friday-to-Friday drop in the series, the film fell by a total of 67% in its second weekend, grossing $million. It was the largest second-weekend drop of the series, although it remained atop the box office. It made $million in its third weekend, again topping the box office. It also brought its domestic total to $million, overtaking the Disney film Beauty and the Beast () as the highest of  It grossed $million and was surpassed the following weekend by Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle () (which was in its third week) and Insidious: The Last Key ().
In its first two days of release the film made $million from 48 markets. The top countries were the United Kingdom ($million), Germany ($million), France ($6million), Australia ($million), and Brazil ($million). By the end of the weekend, the film made $million outside the United States and Canada. All-time opening weekend records were set in various countries, including France, Germany, Spain, United Kingdom, and Finland. On its second weekend, it grossed $million outside the United States and Canada and became the fourth-highest-grossing film of the year in Europe. As of January 21, the largest markets outside of the United States and Canada are the United Kingdom ($million), Germany ($million), France ($million), Japan ($million), and Australia ($million).
The film had a $million opening weekend in China. A week after its debut, China's movie exhibitors dropped the film's showtimes by 90%. The film grossed $, in its third weekend, dropping to ninth place at the Chinese box office, overshadowed by new releases including Bollywood film Secret Superstar (), Hollywood films Ferdinand () and Wonder (), and Chinese filmA Better Tomorrow .The Last Jedi grossed $million in China.
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, which categorizes reviews only as positive or negative, 90% of reviews are positive, with an average rating of / The website's critical consensus reads, "Star Wars: The Last Jedi honors the saga's rich legacy while adding some surprising twists — and delivering all the emotion-rich action fans could hope for."Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 84 out of based on 56 critics, indicating "universal acclaim." Metacritic analysis found the film was the 25th-most mentioned film on "best of the year" film rankings and the 22nd-most mentioned on "best of the decade" film rankings.
Matt Zoller Seitz of RogerEbert.com gave the film four stars out of four, praising the surprises and risks that it took, writing that "The movie works equally well as an earnest adventure full of passionate heroes and villains and a meditation on sequels and franchise properties", in which the film "includes multiple debates over whether one should replicate or reject the stories and symbols of the past." Writing for Rolling Stone, Peter Travers gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four, praising the cast and the direction, and the film "ranks with the very best Star Wars epics (even the pinnacle that is The Empire Strikes Back) by pointing the way ahead to a next generation of skywalkers".Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four, praising the action sequences and humor, said that the film "doesn't pack quite the same emotional punch [as The Force Awakens] and it lags a bit in the second half, [but] this is still a worthy chapter in the Star Wars franchise", and containing a few callbacks of "previous characters and iconic moments."
Will Gompertz, arts editor of BBC News, gave the film four stars out of five, writing "Rian Johnson  has not ruined your Christmas with a turkey. His gift to you is a cracker, a blockbuster movie packed with invention, wit, and action galore." The unpredictability of the plot was appreciated by reviewers such as Alex Leadbeater of Screen Rant, who commented specifically that the death of Snoke was "the best movie twist in years". Creator of the franchise George Lucas, who was not involved with the film's production, described The Last Jedi as "beautifully made" shortly after its release. His reaction to Star Wars: The Force Awakens was generally more negative.
Conversely, Richard Brody of The New Yorker wrote that the film "comes off as a work that's ironed out, flattened down, appallingly purified."Kate Taylor of The Globe and Mail gave the film two stars out of four, saying the film suffered from too many new additions, and writing the film that "seeks to uphold a giant cultural legacy, this unfolding trilogy struggles to maintain a balance that often seems just out of reach."Owen Gleiberman of Variety criticized the film for being too derivative of the past movies by saying that "it's now repeating things that have already been repeated", with such attempts by having a "mood and darkening design of The Empire Strikes Back", making the sequel trilogy becoming "an official monument to nostalgia."
Audience reception measured by scientific polling methods was highly positive. Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale, and those at PostTrak gave the film an 89% overall positive score, a 79% "definite recommend", and a rare five-star rating.SurveyMonkey determined that 89% of its polled audience graded the film positively.
User-generated scores at Rotten Tomatoes and Metacritic were more negative. At Rotten Tomatoes, 42% of users rated the film stars or higher out of 5, while at Metacritic, the average user score is out of  Audience scores on such sites require only registration and do not ensure that contributing voters have seen the film. Several reviewers speculated that coordinated vote brigading from internet groups and bots contributed to the low scores.Quartz noted that some new accounts gave negative ratings to both The Last Jedi and Thor: Ragnarok (), while Bleeding Cool stated that reviews for Thor: Ragnarok had tapered off but then "skyrocketed". In response to tampering claims shortly after the film's release, a Fandango executive stated that Rotten Tomatoes detected no unusual activity on The Last Jedi aside from a noticeable "uptick in the number of written user reviews". In , a Rotten Tomatoes spokesperson said the film had been "seriously targeted" by a review-bombing campaign.
Reviewers characterized The Last Jedi as divisive among audiences. Emily VanDerWerff of Vox found that dissatisfied fans saw the film as too progressive, disliked its humor, plot, or character arcs, or felt betrayed that it ignored fan theories. Other reviewers made similar observations. Particularly divisive was the reveal that Rey's parents are insignificant; many fans had expected her to be Luke's daughter or to share a lineage with another character from the original trilogy. There was also sentiment that Snoke's character was underdeveloped and that Luke's actions contradicted his previous heroic portrayal. Reviewers stated that fan theories were held so strongly among some viewers that it was difficult for them to accept different stories, but that other viewers appreciated the film's action, tone, and deviation from Star Wars tradition.
Main article: Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker
The Rise of Skywalker, the final installment of the sequel trilogy, was released on December 20,  Colin Trevorrow was expected to direct the film, but on September 5, , Lucasfilm announced that he had stepped down. A week later, Lucasfilm announced that J.J. Abrams would return to direct the film and co-write it with Chris Terrio.
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All Star Wars Movies Ranked, According To IMDb
One of the biggest, best, and most iconic movie franchises in the history of cinema, Star Warsis a trailblazing cornerstone of pop culture that changed film and geekdom upon its initial release. The quality of the twelve theatrically released Star Wars films ranges massively, even though each has their brilliance, some do not have the same great craftsmanship as others.
RELATED: Star Wars: The Most Iconic Moment From Every Saga Film, Ranked
Perhaps more consistently beloved by fans than critics, it is easy to go online to see wide reception to the films. A good gauge of this reception comes from IMDb, which has scores for the Star Wars franchise that fluctuate massively. So, here are all the theatrically released Star Wars movies ranked, according to IMDb.
12 STAR WARS: THE CLONE WARS () -
The Clone Warsis a strange movie. On one hand, it is pretty awful and undoubtedly the worst of the theatrically-released movies, but it did pave the way for one of the best pieces of content in the Star Wars franchise, the Clone Wars series.
The movie garnered a on IMDb, and it is a pretty fitting rating for its thin plot and annoying characters. It is extremely child-oriented and is hard for mature fans, or just fans over the age of 10, to enjoy to the fullest, no matter how fun for kids it is.
11 STAR WARS EPISODE II: ATTACK OF THE CLONES () -
Famous for its insanely bad dialogue, cringeworthy scenes, and awful actor-to-actor chemistry, Attack Of The Clones has its fair share of issues. The Battle of Geonosis impresses, as does Ewan McGregor and John Williams' score, but apart from that, only mindless fun salvage the movie.
The film earned a , making it the (tied) lowest-rated Skywalker saga film. This is not surprising, as two certain films usually compete for the bottom spot. The prequels are beloved by some, hated by others, and Attack of the Clones is literally at the center of that.
10 STAR WARS EPISODE I: THE PHANTOM MENACE () -
The Phantom Menacesuffers from the same (mostly) poor acting, bad dialogue, and awkwardness of Attack of the Clones, but is much duller. What saves it, of course, is the Duel of the Fates, both a brilliant lightsaber battle and an unbelievable piece of music.
RELATED: Star Wars: The Phantom Menace: 5 Best And 5 Worst Things
The film sits alongside Attack of the Clones at a , and as mentioned that is not a surprise. The film made an insane amount of money and is more fondly remembered nowadays, but some older fans still feel bitter about the first follow up to the original trilogy.
9 SOLO: A STAR WARS STORY () -
A good, fun ride, hampered by a lack of necessity and atrocious marketing, Solo: A Star Wars Story does not deserve a lot of the hate it gets. The film is not the best thing ever, but has great stuff throughout.
The film earned a , arguably deserving more. The performances are consistently high in quality, Chewie and Han are great, Donald Glover is flawless, and it is an aesthetically pleasing film. But, while it deserves a sequel, it so far has not given much to the franchise.
8 STAR WARS EPISODE IX: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER () -
The final chapter in the Skywalker saga and the third installment of the sequel trilogy, The Rise Of Skywalker certainly has been dividing fans. There are some glaring flaws in the film which go hand in hand with a whole lot of fun and brilliance.
The film currently sits at , but since it has only recently been released this may change. The film left so many questions unanswered, and did not sit well with critics despite its look, performances, and brilliant character dynamics. Some fans, though, seemed to gravitate to the nostalgia and entertainment value of the picture.
7 STAR WARS EPISODE VIII: THE LAST JEDI () -
Speaking of movies that divided the fandom, The Last Jedi has done that more than any other film. A lot of the hate is undeserved and may die down in the coming years and, even though the film has some big problems, a lot of it is fantastic.
RELATED: Star Wars: The Rise Of Skywalker: 4 Ways It's Better Than The Last Jedi (& 6 Ways It Isn't)
The film sits at , and the quality of filmmaking alone should place it higher. The Canto Bight portion is a waste, as were some characters, but the performances, arc continuation, brilliant twists, and challenging script alongside the beautiful look show the high quality of the movie.
6 STAR WARS EPISODE III: REVENGE OF THE SITH () -
The final and undeniably best entry of the prequel trilogy is Revenge of the Sith, and it is no surprise to see it where it is on this list. It has become iconic for its mass quotability, as well as it being the heartbreaking home of Order 66, and Ewan McGregor's sensational performance.
A on IMDb fits, although like nearly all the films to this point, it could be higher. There are some terrific (hand-in-hand with some subpar) performances, alongside Star Wars' arguable best lightsaber battle, and even with some dullness involved, it is still great.
5 ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY () -
The Star Wars stories kicked off to an awesome start in Rogue One. Telling the story of the group who stole the Death Star plans was a great choice by Lucasfilm/Disney.
Sitting pretty at , Rogue One has one of the best third acts of the franchise. On top of that, the look and action throughout are amazing, and that Vader scene is iconic. The film suffers from a lack of character development, but makes up for it in a plentitude of other areas.
4 STAR WARS EPISODE VII: THE FORCE AWAKENS () -
The Force Awakenswas the return to Star Wars to the big screen, the first film of the new trilogy, and the beginning of a new era of Star Wars under the Disney banner. It was an indisputable success.
RELATED: Star Wars: 10 Best Performers Of The Sequel Trilogy
The film is the best non-original trilogy film according to IMDb, sitting at It has an ensemble with no weak performance and a brilliant balance of the new and old. It is action-packed and was the perfect way to kick off the new era, even if it was a bit similar to a previous movie.
3 STAR WARS EPISODE VI: RETURN OF THE JEDI () -
Return of the Jedi was the beautiful end to one of cinema's greatest trilogies, and lives and will continue to live in the hearts of Star Wars fans for generations to come.
Sitting at , it rightfully falls at the bottom of the original trilogy set. It is chock full of iconography and beautiful moments, with a final shot deserving of this saga's end. The characters are great, and even if the second Death Star holds it back, the movie is still incredible.
2 STAR WARS EPISODE IV: A NEW HOPE () -
The movie that kicked it all of, Star Warschanged the world when it hit theatres on May 25th, The product of a brilliant mind, the film had everything, and is as infinitely rewatchable as it is immensely integral to the lives of Star Wars fans.
It sits at a phenomenal , and with terrific visuals, unbelievable effects, charming heroes, stunning music, and wondrous action, it fully deserves it. The film is one of those rare perfect films that can never be duplicated.
1 STAR WARS EPISODE V: THE EMPIRE STRIKES BACK () -
The Empire Strikes Back is one of the finest movies of all time, according to many Star Wars fans, and according to IMDb. It has one of the greatest, if not most referenced cinematic twists of all time, which is only one of many things that make it so remarkable.
Sitting at , it is predictable to see it top of this list. The Battle of Hoth, Luke vs Vader, Yoda, Cloud City, the characters, the moments, the quotes, all of it, every single bit of it is magnificent, and truly help make Empire the finest Star Wars movie that there is.
NEXT: 10 Things We'll Miss From Star Wars Now The Skywalker Saga Is Over
Next10 Movie Combos That Are Unofficial Trilogies, According To Reddit
Space opera media franchise
This article is about the media franchise as a whole. For the original film, see Star Wars (film). For other uses, see Star Wars (disambiguation).
Star Wars is an American epicspace operamultimedia franchise created by George Lucas, which began with the eponymous film[b] and quickly became a worldwide pop-culturephenomenon. The franchise has been expanded into various films and other media, including television series, video games, novels, comic books, theme park attractions, and themed areas, comprising an all-encompassing fictional universe.[c] In , its total value was estimated at US$70billion, and it is currently the fifth-highest-grossing media franchise of all time.
The original film (Star Wars), retroactively subtitledEpisode IV: A New Hope (), was followed by the sequels Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back () and Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (), forming the original Star Wars trilogy. Lucas later returned to filmmaking to direct a prequel trilogy, consisting of Episode I: The Phantom Menace (), Episode II: Attack of the Clones (), and Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (). In , Lucas sold his production company to Disney, relinquishing his ownership of the franchise. The subsequently produced sequel trilogy consists of Episode VII: The Force Awakens (), Episode VIII: The Last Jedi (), and Episode IX: The Rise of Skywalker ().
All nine films of the "Skywalker saga" were nominated for Academy Awards, with wins going to the first two releases. Together with the theatrical live action "anthology" films Rogue One () and Solo (), the combined box office revenue of the films equated to over US$10billion, which makes it the second-highest-grossing film franchise of all time. An additional film, Rogue Squadron, is planned for release in late A number of other films, including an independent trilogy, are suggested to be in development.
The Star Wars franchise depicts the adventures of characters "A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away", in which humans and many species of aliens (often humanoid) co-exist with robots, or 'droids', who may assist them in their daily routines; space travel between planets is common due to lightspeedhyperspace technology. Spacecraft range from small starfighters, to huge capital ships such as the Star Destroyers, to space stations such as the moon-sized Death Stars. Telecommunication includes two-way audio and audiovisual screens, and holographic projections.
A mystical power known as the Force is described in the original film as "an energy field created by all living things [that] binds the galaxy together". Through training and meditation, those whom "the Force is strong with" are able to perform various superpowers (such as telekinesis, precognition, telepathy, and manipulation of physical energy). The Force is wielded by two major knightly orders at conflict with each other: the Jedi, peacekeepers of the Galactic Republic who act on the light side of the Force through non-attachment and arbitration, and the Sith, who use the dark side by manipulating fear and aggression. While Jedi Knights can be numerous, the Dark Lords of the Sith (or 'Darths') are intended to be limited to two: a master and their apprentice.
Force-wielders are very limited in numbers in comparison to the population. The Jedi and Sith prefer the use of a weapon called a lightsaber, a blade of energy that can cut through virtually any surface and deflect energy bolts. The rest of the population, as well as renegades and soldiers, use laser-powered blasterfirearms. In the outer reaches of the galaxy, crime syndicates such as the Hutt cartel are dominant. Bounty hunters are often employed by both gangsters and governments. Illicit activities include smuggling and slavery.
Main article: List of Star Wars films
The Star Wars film series centers around three sets of trilogies, the nine films of which are collectively referred to as the "Skywalker saga". They were produced non-chronologically, with Episodes IV–VI (the original trilogy) being released between and , Episodes I–III (the prequel trilogy) being released between and , and Episodes VII–IX (the sequel trilogy), being released between and Each trilogy focuses on a generation of the Force-sensitive Skywalker family. The original trilogy depicts the heroic development of Luke Skywalker, the prequels tell the backstory of his father Anakin, while the sequels star Luke's nephew, Kylo Ren.
An anthology series set between the main episodes entered development in parallel to the production of the sequel trilogy, described by Disney chief financial officer Jay Rasulo as origin stories. The first entry, Rogue One (), tells the story of the rebels who steal the Death Star plans just before Episode IV.Solo () focuses on Han Solo's backstory, also featuring original trilogy co-protagonists Chewbacca and Lando Calrissian and involving prequel trilogy villain Darth Maul.
Lucasfilm has a number of Star Wars films in development, two of which were confirmed during Disney Investor Day The first will be a film titled Rogue Squadron, which is being directed by Patty Jenkins, and is scheduled for release on December 22,  The second is an unspecified film from Taika Waititi, who in May was announced to be directing a Star Wars film he was co-writing with Krysty Wilson-Cairns. Additionally, a trilogy independent from the Skywalker saga is being written by The Last Jedi writer/director Rian Johnson. In September , it was announced that Kathleen Kennedy and Kevin Feige would collaborate to develop a Star Wars film. In February , a film was announced to be in development from director J. D. Dillard and writer Matt Owens.
The Skywalker saga
Main article: Star Wars Trilogy
In , George Lucas wanted to film an adaptation of the Flash Gordon serial, but could not obtain the rights, so he began developing his own space opera.[d] After directing American Graffiti (), he wrote a two-page synopsis, which 20th Century Fox decided to invest in. By , he had expanded the story into the first draft of a screenplay.The movie's success led Lucas to make it the basis of an elaborate film serial. With the backstory he created for the sequel, Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy of trilogies. Most of the main cast would return for the two additional installments of the original trilogy, which were self-financed by Lucasfilm.
Star Wars was released on May 25, , and first subtitled Episode IV: A New Hope in the book The Art of Star Wars.Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back was released on May 21, , also achieving wide financial and critical success. The final film in the trilogy, Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was released on May 25, The story of the original trilogy focuses on Luke Skywalker's quest to become a Jedi, his struggle with the evil Imperial agent Darth Vader, and the struggle of the Rebel Alliance to free the galaxy from the clutches of the Galactic Empire.
Main article: Star Wars prequel trilogy
According to producer Gary Kurtz, loose plans for a prequel trilogy were developed during the outlining of the original two films. In , Lucas confirmed that he had the nine-film series plotted, but due to the stress of producing the original trilogy, he had decided to cancel further sequels by In , Lucas explained that "There was never a script completed that had the entire story as it exists now As the stories unfolded, I would take certain ideas and save them I kept taking out all the good parts, and I just kept telling myself I would make other movies someday."
Technical advances in the late s and early s, including the ability to create computer-generated imagery (CGI), inspired Lucas to consider that it might be possible to revisit his saga. In , Lucas stated that the prequels would be "unbelievably expensive." In , he acknowledged that he had plans to create the prequel trilogy. A theatrical rerelease of the original trilogy in "updated" the year-old films with the style of CGI envisioned for the new trilogy.
Episode I: The Phantom Menace was released on May 19, , and Episode II: Attack of the Clones on May 16, Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, the first PG film in the franchise, was released on May 19,  The first two movies were met with mixed reviews, with the third being received somewhat more positively. The trilogy begins 32 years before Episode IV and follows the Jedi training of Anakin Skywalker, Luke's father, and his eventual fall from grace and transformation into the Sith lord Darth Vader, as well as the corruption of the Galactic Republic and rise of the Empire led by Darth Sidious. Together with the original trilogy, Lucas has collectively referred to the first six episodic films of the franchise as "the tragedy of Darth Vader".
Main article: Star Wars sequel trilogy
Prior to releasing the original film, and made possible by its success, Lucas planned "three trilogies of nine films." He announced this to Time in , and confirmed that he had outlined them in  At various stages of development, the sequel trilogy was to focus on the rebuilding of the Republic, the return of Luke in a role similar to that of Obi-Wan in the original trilogy, Luke's sister (not yet determined to be Leia), Han, Leia,R2-D2 and C-3PO. However, after beginning work on the prequel trilogy, Lucas insisted that Star Wars was meant to be a six-part series and that there would be no sequel trilogy.
Lucas decided to leave the franchise in the hands of other filmmakers, announcing in January that he would make no more Star Wars films. In October of that year, the Walt Disney Company agreed to buy Lucasfilm and announced that Episode VII would be released in  The co-chairman of Lucasfilm, Kathleen Kennedy, became president of the company and served as executive producer of new Star Wars feature films. Lucas provided Kennedy his story treatments for the sequels during the sale, but in it was revealed Lucas's sequel outline had been discarded. The sequel trilogy also meant the end of the existing Star Wars Expanded Universe, which was discarded from canon to give "maximum creative freedom to the filmmakers and also preserve an element of surprise and discovery for the audience."
Episode VII: The Force Awakens was released on December 16, , Episode VIII: The Last Jedi on December 13, , and Episode IX: The Rise of Skywalker on December 18, , in many countries.[f]The Force Awakens and The Last Jedi were both critical and box office successes.Episode IX received a mixed reception from critics and audiences. The sequel trilogy starts 30 years after Episode VI and focuses on the journey of the Force-sensitive orphan Rey, guided by Luke Skywalker. Along with ex-stormtrooper Finn and ace X-Wing pilot Poe Dameron, Rey helps the Resistance, led by Leia, fight the First Order, commanded by Han and Leia's son (and Luke's nephew), Kylo Ren.
Lucasfilm and Kennedy have stated that the standalone films would be referred to as the Star Wars anthology series (though the word anthology has not been used in any of the titles, instead carrying the promotional "A Star Wars Story" subtitle). Focused on how the Rebels obtained the Death Star plans introduced in the film, the first anthology film, Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, was released on December 16, , to favorable reviews and box office success. The second, Solo: A Star Wars Story, centered on a young Han Solo with Chewbacca and Lando as supporting characters, was released on May 25, , to generally favorable reviews and underperformance at the box office. Despite this, more anthology films are expected to be released, following a hiatus after 's The Rise of Skywalker.
The Star Wars franchise has been spun off to various television productions, including two animated series released in the mids. Further animated series began to be released in the s, the first two of which focused on the Clone Wars. After Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm, only the later one remained canon. Eight live-action Star Wars series will be released on Disney+. The first, The Mandalorian, premiered on November 12, Star Wars won the Webby Award for Television & Film in the category Social. Disney+ later released the Ewoks movies and animated series, along the animated first appearance of Boba Fett, and the Clone Wars animated micro-series in a section called Star Wars Vintage, that section will also include the Droids animated series in the future. Certain aspects of the original Clone Wars micro-series are considered to not contradict the canon, while others do.
A live-action spinoff of The Mandalorian, titled The Book of Boba Fett, was announced in December and is set to be released on December 29, 
Main article: List of Star Wars television series
Main article: Ewok
See also: Star Wars in other media §Legends fictional timeline
The Star Wars canon fictional universe spans multiple eras, of which three are focused around each of the film trilogies. The following eras were defined in January 
- The High Republic: The era of the "High Republic", set years before the prequel trilogy. It includes the media released in The High Republic and the upcoming The Acolyte.
- Fall of the Jedi: The era of the prequel trilogy,[g] in which the democratic Galactic Republic is corrupted by its ruler, Palpatine—secretly the Sith lord Darth Sidious. After orchestrating the Clone Wars between the Republic and a Separatist confederation, Palpatine exterminates the Jedi Order, overthrows the Republic, and establishes the totalitarianGalactic Empire. It includes the prequel trilogy films and the animated The Clone Wars.
- Reign of the Empire: The era after the prequel trilogy, exploring the reign of the Empire. It includes the animated The Bad Batch and Solo: A Star Wars Story.
- The Age of Rebellion: The era of the original trilogy,[h] in which the Empire is fought by the Rebel Alliance in a Galactic Civil War that spans several years, climaxing with the death of the emperor and fall of the Empire. It includes the animated Star Wars Rebels, Rogue One, and the original trilogy films.
- The New Republic: The era after the original trilogy, set during the formative years of the New Republic following the fall of the Empire. It includes The Mandalorian and its spin-off series, The Book of Boba Fett, Rangers of the New Republic, and Ahsoka.
- Rise of the First Order: The era of the sequel trilogy,[i] in which the remnants of the Empire have reformed as the First Order. Heroes of the former Rebellion, aided by the New Republic, lead the Resistance against the oppressive regime and its rulers—the mysterious being known as Snoke and the revived Palpatine. It includes the animated Star Wars Resistance and the sequel trilogy films.
The Expanded Universe of spin-off media depicts different levels of continuity, which were deemed non-canonical and rebranded as Legends on April 25, , to make most subsequent works align to the episodic films, The Clone Wars film, and television series.
Main article: Star Wars expanded to other media
From to , the term Expanded Universe (EU) was an umbrella term for all officially licensed Star Wars storytelling material set outside the events depicted within the theatrical films, including novels, comics, and video games. Lucasfilm maintained internal continuity between the films and television content and the EU material until April 25, , when the company announced all of the EU works would cease production. Existing works would no longer be considered canon to the franchise and subsequent reprints would be rebranded under the Star Wars Legends label, with downloadable content for the massively multiplayer online gameThe Old Republic the only Legends material to still be produced. The Star Wars canon was subsequently restructured to only include the existing six feature films, the animated film The Clone Wars (), and its companion animated series. All future projects and creative developments across all types of media would be overseen and coordinated by the story group, announced as a division of Lucasfilm created to maintain continuity and a cohesive vision on the storytelling of the franchise. Multiple comics series from Marvel and novels published by Del Rey were produced after the announcement.
Star Wars in print predates the release of the first film, with the November novelization of Star Wars, initially subtitled "From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker". Credited to Lucas, it was ghostwritten by Alan Dean Foster. The first "Expanded Universe" story appeared in Marvel Comics' Star Wars #7 in January (the first six issues being an adaptation of the film), followed by Foster's sequel novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye the following month.
Further information: List of Star Wars books
After penning the novelization of the original film, Foster followed it with the sequel Splinter of the Mind's Eye (). The novelizations of The Empire Strikes Back () by Donald F. Glut and Return of the Jedi () by James Kahn followed, as well as The Han Solo Adventures trilogy (–) by Brian Daley, and The Adventures of Lando Calrissian trilogy () by L. Neil Smith.
Timothy Zahn's bestselling Thrawn trilogy (–) reignited interest in the franchise and introduced the popular characters Grand Admiral Thrawn, Mara Jade, Talon Karrde, and Gilad Pellaeon. The first novel, Heir to the Empire, reached #1 on the New York Times Best Seller list, and the series finds Luke, Leia, and Han facing off against tactical genius Thrawn, who is plotting to retake the galaxy for the Empire. In The Courtship of Princess Leia () by Dave Wolverton, set immediately before the Thrawn trilogy, Leia considers an advantageous political marriage to Prince Isolder of the planet Hapes, but she and Han ultimately marry.Steve Perry's Shadows of the Empire (), set between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, was part of a multimedia campaign that included a comic book series and video game. The novel introduced the crime lord Prince Xizor, another popular character who would appear in multiple other works. Other notable series from Bantam include the Jedi Academy trilogy () by Kevin J. Anderson, the book Young Jedi Knights series (–) by Anderson and Rebecca Moesta, and the X-wing series (–) by Michael A. Stackpole and Aaron Allston.
Del Rey took over Star Wars book publishing in , releasing what would become a installment novel series called The New Jedi Order (–). Written by multiple authors, the series was set 25 to 30 years after the original films and introduced the Yuuzhan Vong, a powerful alien race attempting to invade and conquer the entire galaxy. The bestselling multi-author series Legacy of the Force (–) chronicles the crossover of Han and Leia's son Jacen Solo to the dark side of the Force; among his evil deeds, he kills Luke's wife Mara Jade as a sacrifice to join the Sith. Although no longer canon, the story is paralleled in The Force Awakens with Han and Leia's son Ben Solo, who has become the dark Kylo Ren.
Three series set in the prequel era were introduced for younger audiences: the book Jedi Apprentice (–) chronicles the adventures of Obi-Wan Kenobi and his master Qui-Gon Jinn in the years before The Phantom Menace; the book Jedi Quest (–) follows Obi-Wan and his own apprentice, Anakin Skywalker in between The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones; and the book The Last of the Jedi (–), set almost immediately after Revenge of the Sith, features Obi-Wan and the last few surviving Jedi.
Although Thrawn had been designated a Legends character in , he was reintroduced into the canon in the third season of Rebels, with Zahn returning to write more novels based in the character, and set in the new canon.
Main articles: Star Wars comics and List of Star Wars comic books
Marvel Comics published a Star Wars comic book series from to  Original Star Wars comics were serialized in the Marvel magazine Pizzazz between and The installments were the first original Star Wars stories not directly adapted from the films to appear in print form, as they preceded those of the Star Wars comic series. From to , the animated children's series Ewoks and Droids inspired comic series from Marvel's Star Comics line. According to Marvel comics former Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter, the strong sales of Star Wars comics saved Marvel financially in and  Marvel's Star Wars series was one of the industry's top selling titles in and  The only downside for Marvel was that the , copy sales quota was surpassed quickly, allowing Lippincott to renegotiate the royalty arrangements from a position of strength.
In the late s, Marvel dropped a new Star Wars comic it had in development, which was picked up by Dark Horse Comics and published as the popular Dark Empire series (–). Dark Horse subsequently launched dozens of series set after the original film trilogy, including Tales of the Jedi (–), X-wing Rogue Squadron (–), Star Wars: Republic (–), Star Wars Tales (–), Star Wars: Empire (–), and Knights of the Old Republic (–).
After Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm, it was announced in January that in the Star Wars comics license would return to Marvel Comics, whose parent company, Marvel Entertainment, Disney had purchased in  Launched in , the first three publications were titled Star Wars, Darth Vader, and the limited series Princess Leia.
First announced as Project Luminous at Star Wars Celebration in April , full details of a publishing initiative called Star Wars: The High Republic were revealed in a press conference in February Involving the majority of the current officially licensed publishers, a new era set years before the Skywalker Saga will be explored in various books and comics. These include ongoing titles by Marvel and IDW Publishing, written by Cavan Scott and Daniel José Older respectively, that will both premiere in August 
Soundtracks and singles
Further information: Music of Star Wars
John Williams composed the soundtracks for the nine episodic films; he has stated that he will retire from the franchise with The Rise of Skywalker. He also composed Han Solo's theme for Solo: A Star Wars Story; John Powell adapted and composed the rest of the score.Michael Giacchino composed the score of Rogue One.Ludwig Göransson scored and composed the music of The Mandalorian. Williams also created the main theme for Galaxy's Edge.
Further information: The Story of Star Wars and List of Star Wars books
The first Star Wars audio work is The Story of Star Wars, an LP using audio samples from the original film and a new narration to retell the story, released in Most later printed novels were adapted into audio novels, usually released on cassette tape and re-released on CD. As of , audio-only novels have been released not directly based on printed media.
Further information: Star Wars (radio)
Radio adaptations of the films were also produced. Lucas, a fan of the NPR-affiliated campus radio station of his alma mater the University of Southern California, licensed the Star Wars radio rights to KUSC-FM for US$1. The production used John Williams's original film score, along with Ben Burtt's sound effects.
The first was written by science-fiction author Brian Daley and directed by John Madden. It was broadcast on National Public Radio in , adapting the original film into 13 episodes.Mark Hamill and Anthony Daniels reprised their film roles.
The overwhelming success, led to a episode adaptation of The Empire Strikes Back debuted in Billy Dee Williams joined the other two stars, reprising his role as Lando Calrissian.
In , Buena Vista Records released an original, minute Star Warsaudio drama titled Rebel Mission to Ord Mantell, written by Daley. In the s, Time Warner Audio Publishing adapted several Star Wars series from Dark Horse Comics into audio dramas: the three-part Dark Empire saga, Tales of the Jedi, Dark Lords of the Sith, the Dark Forces trilogy, and Crimson Empire ().Return of the Jedi was adapted into 6-episodes in , featuring Daniels.
Further information: Star Wars video games and List of Star Wars video games
The Star Wars franchise has spawned over one hundred computer, video, and board games, dating back to some of the earliest home consoles. Some are based directly on the movie material, while others rely heavily on the non-canonical Expanded Universe (rebranded as Star Wars Legends and removed from the canon in ). Star Wars games have gone through three significant development eras, marked by a change in leadership among the developers: the early licensed games, those developed after the creation of LucasArts, and those created after the closure of the Lucasfilm division by Disney and the transfer of the license to Electronic Arts.
Early licensed games (–)
The first officially licensed electronic Star Wars game was Kenner's table-top Star Wars Electronic Battle Command. In , Parker Brothers published the first Star Wars video game for the Atari , Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back, followed soon the year later by Star Wars: Jedi Arena, the first video game to depict lightsaber combat. They were followed in by Atari's rail shooterarcade gameStar Wars, with vector graphics to replicate the Death Star trench run scene from the film. The next game, Star Wars: Return of the Jedi (), has more traditional raster graphics, while the following Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back () has vector graphics.
Platform games were made for the Nintendo Entertainment System, including the Japan-exclusive Star Wars (), an international Star Wars (), and Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (). Super Star Wars () was released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, with two sequels over the next two years.
LucasArts and modern self-published games (–)
Main article: LucasArts
Lucasfilm founded its own video game company in , becoming best known for adventure games and World War II flight combat games, but as George Lucas took more interest in the increasing success of the video game market, he wanted to have more creative control over the games and founded his own development company, LucasArts. Improved graphics allowed games to tell complex narratives, which allowed for the retelling of the films, and eventually original narratives set in the same continuity, with voice-overs and CGI cutscenes. In , LucasArts released Star Wars: X-Wing, the first self-published Star Wars video game and the first space flight simulator based on the franchise. It was one of the best-selling video games of and established its own series of games. The Rogue Squadron series was released between and , also focusing on space battles set during the films.
Dark Forces (), a hybrid adventure game incorporating puzzles and strategy, was the first Star Warsfirst-person shooter. It featured gameplay and graphical features not then common in other games, made possible by LucasArts' custom-designed game engine, the Jedi. The game was well received, and it was followed by four sequels. The series introduced Kyle Katarn, who would appear in multiple games, novels, and comics. Katarn is a former stormtrooper who joins the Rebellion and becomes a Jedi, a plot arc similar to that of Finn in the sequel trilogy films. A massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Star Wars Galaxies, was in operation from until After Disney bought Lucasfilm, LucasArts ceased its role as a developer in , although it still operates as a licensor.
EA Star Wars (–present)
Following its acquisition of the franchise, Disney reassigned video game rights to Electronic Arts. Games made during this era are considered canonical, and feature more influence from the Star Wars filmmakers. Disney partnered with Lenovo to create the augmented reality video game Jedi Challenges, released in November  In August , it was announced that Zynga would publish free-to-playStar Wars mobile games. The Battlefront games received a canonical reboot with Star Wars: Battlefront in November , which was followed by a sequel, Battlefront II, in November A single-player action-adventure game, Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order, with an original story and cast of characters, was released in November A space combat game titled Star Wars: Squadrons, which builds upon the space battles from Battlefront, was released in October
Theme park attractions
Main article: List of Star Wars theme parks attractions
In addition to the Disneyland ride Star Tours () and its successor, Star Tours: The Adventures Continue (), many live attractions have been held at Disney parks, including the travelling exhibition Where Science Meets Imagination, the Space Mountain spin-off Hyperspace Mountain, a walkthrough Launch Bay, and the night-time A Galactic Spectacular. An immersive themed area called Galaxy's Edge () opened at Disneyland and opened at Walt Disney World in mid A themed hotel, Star Wars: Galactic Starcruiser, is currently under construction at Walt Disney World.
A multimedia project involves works released across multiple types of media. Shadows of the Empire () was a multimedia project set between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi that included a novel by Steve Perry, a comic book series, a video game, and action figures.The Force Unleashed (–) was a similar project set between Revenge of the Sith and A New Hope that included a novel, a video game and its sequel, a graphic novel, a role-playing game supplement, and toys.
Main articles: Kenner Star Wars action figures, List of Kenner Star Wars action figures, Star Wars: The Vintage Collection, Lego Star Wars, Star Wars trading card, and Star Wars role-playing games
The success of the Star Wars films led the franchise to become one of the most merchandised franchises in the world. While filming the original film, George Lucas decided to take a $, pay cut to his salary as director in exchange for full ownership of the franchise's merchandising rights. By , the first three films have made US$billion in merchandising revenue. By , the first six films produced approximately US$20billion in merchandising revenue.
Kenner made the first Star Wars action figures to coincide with the release of the original film, and today the original figures are highly valuable. Since the s, Hasbro holds the rights to create action figures based on the saga. Pez dispensers began to be produced in Star Wars was the first intellectual property to be licensed in Lego history. Lego has produced animated parody short films and mini-series to promote their Star Wars sets. The Lego Star Wars video games are critically acclaimed bestsellers.
In , the board game Star Wars: Escape from the Death Star was released.[j] A Star Wars Monopoly and themed versions of Trivial Pursuit and Battleship were released in , with updated versions released in subsequent years. The board game Risk has been adapted in two editions by Hasbro: The Clone Wars Edition () and the Original Trilogy Edition (). Three Star Wars tabletop role-playing games have been developed: a version by West End Games in the s and s, one by Wizards of the Coast in the s, and one by Fantasy Flight Games in the s.
Star Wars Trading Cards have been published since the first "blue" series, by Topps, in  Dozens of series have been produced, with Topps being the licensed creator in the United States. Each card series are of film stills or original art. Many of the cards have become highly collectible with some very rare "promos", such as the Galaxy Series II "floating Yoda" P3 card often commanding US$1, or more. While most "base" or "common card" sets are plentiful, many "insert" or "chase cards" are very rare. From until , Decipher, Inc. had the license for, created, and produced the Star Wars Customizable Card Game.
See also: Star Wars sources and analogues
Star Wars features elements such as knighthood, chivalry, and Jungian archetypes such as "the shadow". There are also many references to Christianity, such as in the appearance of Darth Maul, whose design draws heavily from traditional depictions of the devil. Anakin was conceived of a virgin birth, and is assumed to be the "Chosen One", a messianic individual. However, unlike Jesus, Anakin falls from grace, remaining evil as Darth Vader until Return of the Jedi. According to Adam Driver, sequel trilogy villain Kylo Ren, who idolizes Vader, believes he is "doing what he thinks is right". George Lucas has said that the theme of the saga is redemption.
The saga draws heavily from the hero's journey, an archetypical template developed by comparative mythologistJoseph Campbell. Each character—primarily Anakin, Luke, and Rey—follows the steps of the cycle or undergoes its reversal, becoming the villain. A defining step of the journey is "Atonement with the Father". Obi-Wan's loss of a father figure could have impacted his relationship with Anakin, whom both Obi-Wan and Palpatine are fatherlike mentors to. Luke's discovery that Vader is his father has strong repercussions on the saga and is regarded as one of the most influential plot twists in cinema.Supreme Leader Snoke encourages Kylo Ren to kill his father, Han Solo. Kylo uses the fact that Rey is an orphan to tempt her into joining the dark side. According to Inverse, the final scene in The Last Jedi, which depicts servant children playing with a toy of Luke and one boy using the Force, symbolizes that "the Force can be found in people with humble beginnings."
Political science has been an important element of Star Wars since the franchise launched in , focusing on a struggle between democracy and dictatorship. Battles featuring the Ewoks and Gungans against the Empire and Trade Federation, respectively, represent the clash between a primitive society and a more advanced one, similar to the Vietnam-American War. Darth Vader's design was initially inspired by Samurai armor, and also incorporated a German military helmet. Originally, Lucas conceived of the Sith as a group that served the Emperor in the same way that the Schutzstaffel served Adolf Hitler; this was condensed into one character in the form of Vader.Stormtroopers borrow the name of World War I German "shock" troopers. Imperial officers wear uniforms resembling those of German forces during World War II, and political and security officers resemble the black-clad SS down to the stylized silver death's head on their caps. World WarII terms were used for names in the films; e.g. the planets Kessel (a term that refers to a group of encircled forces) and Hoth (after a German general who served on the snow-laden Eastern Front). Shots of the commanders looking through AT-AT walker viewscreens in The Empire Strikes Back resemble tank interiors, and space battles in the original film were based on World WarI and World WarII dogfights.
Palpatine being a chancellor before becoming the Emperor in the prequel trilogy alludes to Hitler's role before appointing himself Führer. Lucas has also drawn parallels to historical dictators such as Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte, and politicians like Richard Nixon.[k] The Great Jedi Purge mirrors the events of the Night of the Long Knives. The corruption of the Galactic Republic is modeled after the fall of the democratic Roman Republic and the formation of an empire.
On the inspiration for the First Order formed "from the ashes of the Empire", The Force Awakens director J.J. Abrams spoke of conversations the writers had about how the Nazis could have escaped to Argentina after WWII and "started working together again."
Main article: Cultural impact of Star Wars
The Star Wars saga has had a significant impact on popular culture, with references to its fictional universe deeply embedded in everyday life. Phrases like "evil empire" and "May the Force be with you" have become part of the popular lexicon. The first Star Wars film in was a cultural unifier, enjoyed by a wide spectrum of people. The film can be said to have helped launch the science-fiction boom of the late s and early s, making science-fiction films a mainstream genre. The widespread impact made it a prime target for parody works and homages, with popular examples including Hardware Wars, Spaceballs, The Family Guy Trilogy and Robot Chicken: Star Wars.
In , the Library of Congress selected the original Star Wars film for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry, as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."The Empire Strikes Back, was selected in  35mm reels of the Special Editions were the versions initially presented for preservation because of the difficulty of transferring from the original prints, but it was later revealed that the Library possesses a copyright deposit print of the original theatrical releases.
The original Star Wars film was a huge success for 20th Century Fox, and was credited for reinvigorating the company. Within three weeks of the film's release, the studio's stock price doubled to a record high. Prior to , 20th Century Fox's greatest annual profits were $37million, while in , the company broke that record by posting a profit of $79million. The franchise helped Fox to change from an almost bankrupt production company to a thriving media conglomerate.
Star Wars fundamentally changed the aesthetics and narratives of Hollywood films, switching the focus of Hollywood-made films from deep, meaningful stories based on dramatic conflict, themes and irony to sprawling special-effects-laden blockbusters, as well as changing the Hollywood film industry in fundamental ways. Before Star Wars, special effects in films had not appreciably advanced since the s. The commercial success of Star Wars created a boom in state-of-the-art special effects in the late s. Along with Jaws, Star Wars started the tradition of the summer blockbuster film in the entertainment industry, where films open on many screens at the same time and profitable franchises are important. It created the model for the major film trilogy and showed that merchandising rights on a film could generate more money than the film itself did.
Film critic Roger Ebert wrote in his book The Great Movies, "Like The Birth of a Nation and Citizen Kane, Star Wars was a technical watershed that influenced many of the movies that came after." It began a new generation of special effects and high-energy motion pictures. The film was one of the first films to link genres together to invent a new, high-concept genre for filmmakers to build upon. Finally, along with Steven Spielberg's Jaws, it shifted the film industry's focus away from personal filmmaking of the s and towards fast-paced, big-budget blockbusters for younger audiences.
Some critics have blamed Star Wars and Jaws for "ruining" Hollywood by shifting its focus from "sophisticated" films such as The Godfather, Taxi Driver, and Annie Hall to films about spectacle and juvenile fantasy, and for the industry shift from stand-alone, one and done films, towards blockbuster franchises with multiple sequels and prequels. One such critic, Peter Biskind, complained, "When all was said and done, Lucas and Spielberg returned the s audience, grown sophisticated on a diet of European and New Hollywood films, to the simplicities of the pres Golden Age of movies They marched backward through the looking-glass." In an opposing view, Tom Shone wrote that through Star Wars and Jaws, Lucas and Spielberg "didn't betray cinema at all: they plugged it back into the grid, returning the medium to its roots as a carnival sideshow, a magic act, one big special effect", which was "a kind of rebirth".
The original Star Wars trilogy is widely considered one of the best film trilogies in history. Numerous filmmakers have been influenced by Star Wars, including Damon Lindelof, Dean Devlin, Roland Emmerich, John Lasseter,David Fincher, Joss Whedon, John Singleton, Kevin Smith, and later Star Wars directors J.J. Abrams and Gareth Edwards. Lucas's concept of a "used universe" particularly influenced Ridley Scott's Blade Runner () and Alien (), James Cameron's Aliens () as well as The Terminator (), George Miller's Mad Max 2 (), and Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy (–).Christopher Nolan cited Star Wars as an influence when making the blockbuster film Inception.
Main article: Star Wars fan films
The Star Wars saga has inspired many fans to create their own non-canon material set in the Star Wars galaxy. In recent years, this has ranged from writing fan fiction to creating fan films. In , Lucasfilm sponsored the first annual Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards, officially recognizing filmmakers and the genre. Because of concerns over potential copyright and trademark issues, however, the contest was initially open only to parodies, mockumentaries, and documentaries. Fan fiction films set in the Star Wars universe were originally ineligible, but in , Lucasfilm changed the submission standards to allow in-universe fiction entries. Lucasfilm has allowed but not endorsed the creation of fan fiction, as long as it does not attempt to make a profit.
As the characters and the storyline of the original trilogy are so well known, educators have used the films in the classroom as a learning resource. For example, a project in Western Australia honed elementary school students storytelling skills by role-playing action scenes from the movies and later creating props and audio/visual scenery to enhance their performance. Others have used the films to encourage second-level students to integrate technology in the science classroom by making prototype lightsabers. Similarly, psychiatrists in New Zealand and the US have advocated their use in the university classroom to explain different types of psychopathology.
- ^The film's release was preceded by its novelization in November
- ^ abLater titledStar Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope
- ^Most existing spin-off media was made non-canon and rebranded as 'Legends' in April 
- ^Lucas started by researching the inspiration behind Alex Raymond's Flash Gordon comic, leading him to the works of author Edgar Rice Burroughs—the John Carter of Mars series in particular.
- ^Played by Jake Lloyd as a child in Episode I
- ^Each film was released two days later in the U.S.
- ^The prequels feature a relatively sleek and new design aesthetic in comparison to the original trilogy.
- ^The original trilogy depicts the galaxy as dirty and grimy in George Lucas's depiction of a "used universe".
- ^The sequel trilogy made a return to what J.J. Abrams called "the wonderful preposterousness" of practical effects that were used to create the original trilogy.
- ^Not to be confused with the board game with the same name published in 
- ^In his early drafts, Lucas used the plot point of a dictator staying in power with the support of the military. In his comment (made in the prequel trilogy era) Lucas attributed this to Nixon's supposed intention to defy the 22nd Amendment, but the president resigned and never ran for a third term.
- ^Booker, M. Keith (). Historical Dictionary of Science Fiction Cinema. Historical dictionaries of literature and the arts. Rowman & Littlefield. p. ISBN.
- ^ abcd"The Legendary Star Wars Expanded Universe Turns a New Page". StarWars.com. April 25, Archived from the original on September 10, Retrieved May 26,
- ^"Star Wars – Box Office History". The Numbers. Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved January 5,
- ^"Movie Franchises". The Numbers. Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved January 3,
- ^Star Wars: Episode IV: A New Hope (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- ^Lewis, Ann Margaret (April 3, ). Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Alien Species. LucasBooks. ISBN.
Star wars 9 imdb
Top Lifetime Grosses
New Star Wars 9 Working Title Revealed, What Does It Mean?
- 02 June
- by MovieWeb
With the production of Star Wars 9 only a month away, the next installment in the Star Wars Saga has received a new working title. While this will not be the actual title of the movie when it releases in theaters, it will be the title for Episode IX when it is in production.
According to Fantha Tracks, who has accurately reported every previous Star Wars working title since The Force Awakens, Episode IX's working title has been changed to "trIXie." The original working title was reported to be "Black Diamond," but that title is apparently no longer in effect. Why this title was changed remains a mystery, and was most likely just a preference by director J.J. Abrams.
Typically, a movie will create a working title so that people who see the set don't get too excited and try to bombard the movie's production. For example, people passing by the
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